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16 Weeks of Pregnancy – Symptoms and Fetal Development

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The 16th week of pregnancy is another important week of pregnancy in a woman’s life. In this particular week of pregnancy a woman experiences a great amount of changes that do not occur before. Unlike the 14th and 15th weeks of pregnancy which are also great weeks for the development of the baby, the 16th week shows now that the baby is not only maturing in its development but also is growing significantly showing a growth rate of at least an inch a week so by the time your baby is born they will be strong healthy and the size covering a normal height of at least 6 inches.

16 weeks of pregnancy - 16 week fetus picture

What to Think About This Week

It is hard for you to believe that you are into the 16th week of your happy pregnancy. From this month on, you will find your little one moving inside your womb. Besides this, you can also experience more ticklish feeling from their new growing hair and the sac expanding. This week you will think about the weeks that you have crossed with such expertise. Besides, you will also look back and feel happy about your child’s progress and the way everything is looking up. Checkups and the wait for reports will keep your mind occupied as well. All in all, your step into the second trimester so far is going well, and you can expect better times to come.

Fetal Development of The Baby:

This week is important for the baby in the context of the baby’s weight. In this week the baby starts to finally gain weight and gaining weight is not a bad thing as long as the baby is not overweight. Weight or the fact that the baby starts creating will be its nutrition source from this day on. The body of your baby will now start being a lot more reliant on itself therefore aiding in development that is unique to this week.

See More: 13 Weeks Pregnancy Symptoms

There are significant increases in the baby’s development during this week and some of these developments are quite unique, some of these developments are-

Size:

Your baby at 16 weeks will be  almost 4 and a half inches long and weighs almost 4 ounces. That is double the size compared to 4th and 5th week of pregnancy. This is a significant growth where your baby is now big enough to move around in the belly freely as most of their limbs have developed completely by this time. At the end of pregnancy your baby will be a proper size of exactly around 6 and a half inches long and the miracle is that the baby will grow significantly after the few weeks of their birth.

See More: 15th Week Of Pregnancy Care

Genitals:

You can ask the doctor to check to see whether the fetus is either a boy or a girl because at this point the genitals are fully developed allowing the doctor to determine the gender of your baby. The genitals allow for a perfect urination system also allowing the baby to have a fully functioning kidney system. The genitals are the most important development in the 16th week.

Lungs:

The baby can now breathe on its own, inhaling and exhaling the amniotic fluid around them. The lung developments are also a great development in regards to the 16th week of pregnancy.  The lungs are the most important parts of the body in line with the heart and the brain. No matter what we all need our lungs heart and brain to survive thus the lung development is of great importance during this week.

Eye:

The visual sensors of baby likewise enhance this week making the bay gently touchy to light. Ultrasounds show the bay covering its eyes with its hands when there is too much light.Baby become uncomfortable because of strong light as visual sensors are still developing.As the eyes are medium through which your baby can see the universe thus the development of visual sensors is equally important.

Movement:

During the first 16 to 20 weeks of pregnancy the movement of baby is natural and if you feel your baby’s early movement during this stage then you’re lucky.As the baby grow they move thus growth makes them need to push upon the space walling them in, therefore movement.

Fat:

Also during this week your baby starts developing fat under the skin which act as a some kind of insulation system keeping the baby safe and warm. It also act as a source of nutrition and strength for bay as they grow every day. Though the fat increase in your baby’s body will make you feel uncomfortable understand that because of this your baby is now going to be stronger than ever.

Symptoms of 16 Weeks of Pregnancy and How to Overcome:

There are numerous symptoms that a proud mother to be might face during the tricky 16th week of pregnancy; some of these symptoms might be:-

Increase in Breast Size:

During this week the breast size will increase as the milk glands will start production and blood flow will also increase causing the veins to pop up where they would not be visible before. Your breasts are now growing to support the active milk glands which shall be the only source of nutrition for your baby when they are born. To keep everything working well for you and overcome stretch marks, wear a comfortable bra, that allows your breasts to breathe. Do make sure you keep olive oil or Vitamin E around for massage The veins of your breasts show up as well, making your pregnancy more obvious, but then again, this one is absolutely normal as well and you don’t need to stress yourself at all. Although the symptoms usually tend to go away on their own, the best way to reduce the pain is to apply ice packs and cooling bags. Drinking lots of water help the soreness as well. A loose bra should help relax the breast tissues and give them more room to breathe, relaxing the soreness.

Increasing Waistline:

Because of the growth of baby your waistline will further grow this week. The small baby bump is now a significant bulge make you analyze that your baby is growing. The waistline just develops to keep the baby comfortable while it grows. Due of the uneasy feeling in its legs the baby might start kicking .At this time the baby’s arms have grown long to the extent of their body it is just a short time that the legs get up to speed. It is absolutely impossible you can prevent from your pants not fitting you any longer, however investing into maternity garments immediately is a smart thought, since that will keep your necessities tended to for the following couple of months to come. Furthermore, there is still far to go. A healthy and balanced diet will minimize the abundance gain in weight.

See More: 14th Week Of Pregnancy

Back Pain:

An increasing back pain is also another symptom of the 16th week of pregnancy. Back pains occur daily and are caused primarily by the increasing waistline. The increasing waistline causing a strain on your backbone that in turn causes the unwanted back pain. At this point the back pain will make you feel tired and lethargic. Not only that the back pain will make you cranky and the pains is sometimes unbearable but stick on with it and don’t give up. At this point the best way to fight the pain is a short exercise when you wake up or rest for a certain period of time.

Stretch Marks:

In the 16th week of pregnancy the uterine walls stretching capacity comes and the baby bump grows beyond the tolerance limit and hence it has to conform itself i.e. extend itself to fit the baby inside growing every day. However the body not being good to this kind of outrageous adjustments subjects to wear and tear regularly resulting in stretch marks in the lower mid region. However this stretch marks can be removed by applying creams and oils available in the market and ensure that your skin stays hydrated all the time and thus it helps in preventing stretch marks .Aloe Vera and Vitamin A are also considered to be good soothing agents to prevent these marks.

Increase in Appetite:

This period of time makes you literally hungry most of the time and leaves you craving for food. You literally develop the powers of gulping down every food in sight. However over eating can be a major health issues as you are now feeding for two and also it might make you gain weight like crazy. However you can easily curb this desire of eating by keeping a big box of nuts around since they can add nutrition to your diet whilst filling your appetite requirements. Keeping your busy in a variety of activities might also provide a healthy distraction.

16th Week Activities:

For the 16th week, you have begun the second trimester well. This week activities might make it seem like everything is in place. A few things however that will define your ongoing activities will be medical tests, those to keep your health and your baby’s development in check should be bookmarked or noted down. Aside that, the constant change weight and pressure in your case should be throughout kept in check. Now that your baby is growing, his heartbeat and your overall health will be checked as well. Nothing to worry your symptoms all seems well.

Diet and Exercise for the 16th Week:

Diet:

1. Water:

Strange as it may seem, you need water to help keep your bowel movements in check. Now that your baby bump is showing, you need more of that to keep both you and your little on hydrated. If you fear bloating, you can obviously binge on fruits like watermelon, which are high on their liquid content and equally helpful as water for your body.

See More: Water Drinking During Pregnancy

2. Protein:

Indulging in protein rich food will only lead to health benefits that you want to involve yourself with. Protein in your diet includes meat, eggs, lentils, nuts to name a few.

3. Raw Fruits and Vegetables:

Every raw fruits and vegetables like cabbage , tomatoes , carrots and beets should be included in your diet .As they are rich in fiber and fatty acids. Sodium content products should be avoided such as pickles and olives.

4. Iron:

To develop your little one you require a lot of red blood cells thus foods rich in iron like spinach, lean meat, pulses and banana should be include in your diet.Avoid drinking tea or coffee right after having a food rich in iron as they absorb iron from your body.

5. Smoothies:

If you are fed of chewing a whole meal and feeling tired then drink juices and smoothies of various fruits like kiwis, oranges etc.

Exercise:

1. Pelvic Stretches:

To have a normal delivery, nothing works better than pelvic stretches. They keep your flexibility maintained and give you more reasons to keep that high horse of a smooth pregnancy up.

2. Squat:

Squats are the second most popular exercise among pregnant woman. You can use a support for to squat and relax the pelvic and thigh muscles in turn.

3. Yoga:

Yoga is at least somewhat safe as it upgrade your body flexibility and enhance your power, thus keeping you mind and body stable when the delivery time comes.

4. Pelvic Rest:

Use a cushion to balance your center of gravity. This exercise gives your pelvic area the rest it needs, thus giving you better flexibility overall.

5. Walking:

When there is pregnancy, most women swear by the benefits of walking. To stop gaining fat and to become more flexible start walking in lawns or the parks.

Sex during Pregnancy in 16h Week:

Your sexual life can undergo a complete change after your pregnancy, however know this- sex is still safe even standing on the mark of 16th week. You might happen to lose interest in the intimacy owing to your unusual symptoms and worrying about the risk, but know this that there is nothing to worry about at this stage.

Tips To Overcome Stress during Pregnancy:

  • You are vulnerable still as a new mom to be and need all the rest and support while you still can.
  • Try to ask around for advice on how to successfully rest.
  • You can avoid stress by informing yourself about the changes that will appear in following couple of months. Take your partner for the checkup sessions so that nothing get missed by you as well as by your partner .
  • Everyone’s pregnancy is different. Do not let anyone’s symptom stress you out. Talk to your doctor about what is bothering you instead to clear the air better.
  • Start shopping for your little one as it makes you stress free from the responsibilities of deciding name .
  • Every alternative day, try out walks for a change and think about the weeks to come and plan them out to prevent stress.

Medical Treatments and Check up:

This week, there will be a call for ultrasound to determine if everything is safe and sound, you might also have to take a test for information of chromosomal issues in your child. One of the most important tests that is carried out in the 16th week is Amniocentesis. This is to determine if your child has Down’s syndrome. Apart from that, the usual symptoms from the previous month may follow. Hence, a few medicines to keep by your bedside are:

  • Aches and pains- Acetaminophen. Steer clear of Ibuprofen and Naproxen.
  • Allergy- Antihistamines and Ioratidine. Avoid Pseudophedrine and Decongestants like Phenylephrine.
  • Cough- Dextromethorphan and Guaifenesin.
  • Constipation- Metamucil and Colace. Avoid laxatives and mineral oil.
  • Heartburn- Antacids and Famotidine.

Tips and Precautions:

  • There might be rashes this week because of the changes in your body so far. They are well manageable, provided something is done from the very start.
  • Choose soft cotton clothes as your maternity fabric for the coming weeks.
  • Continue with the stretching and exercise since they are a great way to relax.
  • Talk to your partner about every coming progress so he feels involved.
  • This would be the right week to begin communicating with your little one.

This is your second trimester and there will be so many noticeable changes every week. Adjust to them and your experience as a mother to be will be perfect!