As a girl matures, her breasts begin to grow. And a lot of breast conditions become prominent as the girl grows into a woman. Breast abnormalities may be physically visible but the anatomical conditions might result into psycho and emotional consequences. Polythelia and polymastia are the two conditions where the woman has more than two usual nipples. Sometimes the women are born missing either one or both the nipples. Sometimes typical breast conditions are also affected by the size and proportion. Most often the breasts are not even symmetrical in shape and size. It is a common discrepancy to have about 30% disproportion from one side to the other.
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It is very often that the only treatment of benign breast condition is explanation and assurance of the condition. Sometimes minor or major surgeries are required to treat the breast conditions. Evaluation for benign breast conditions may include ultrasound, physical examinations, removal of fluid or tissues, mammography for analysis. Depending on several factors such as your symptoms, the extent of the disease, your overall health, your tolerance for the treatment, your expectations following the treatment, the physician and you will come up with the most suitable treatment for yourself. Some of the breast care procedures are mentioned below.
Surgery is the primary treatment. And it is also the first line of defence against breast cancer. Removing the first signs of breast cancer can be successfully treated with surgery especially when it is combined with non-surgical treatments. After your diagnosis is complete then your doctor will explain you the various surgery options and their benefits and their side effects. And then together you will both discuss and decide the type of surgery and your characteristics, your preferences. There are two types of breast surgeries and they are:
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Lumpectomy is the procedure that helps to remove the tumour and some surrounding tissues while conserving the majority art of the breast. General or local anaesthesia is required to numb the area of the tumour. And you get to choose the kind of anaesthesia you want during the surgery. Many women undergo several weeks of radiation after the surgery to remove the remaining breast cancer cells prevailing in the breasts.
Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the breasts. There are five types of mastectomy which ranges from removing the breasts to removing the cancerous cells of the breasts and also some healthy tissues around it. Many women decide to undergo breast reconstruction but sometimes women prefer prosthesis over mastectomy. Mastectomy is performed under general anaesthesia. Women who opt for breast reconstruction also rebuild their breasts at the same time. After the completion of mastectomy, your physician will insert a drain tube in order to drain out the excessive fluids in your breasts and then stitch your incision, dress your wound and wrap your chest in a tight bandage which compresses the area and helps in promoting the healing. The reconstruction or rebuilding of your breasts may require you to stay in the hospital for an average of three days or sometimes even a little more. Before the discharge from the hospital, you will be prescribed with pain medication and will also be taught how to care for your incision and your wound. You will also be scheduled for a follow up by your physician in order to check your progress and also to remove your stitches. After mastectomy, the physician will suggest you to take up radiation therapy if the size of your tumour was too large.
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Breast care procedures are essential to minimize the risks of breast related problems. You should always be on the edge if any abnormalities are noticed on or around the breasts.
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