15 List of Effective and Safest Headache Medicines in India
Imagine going to work early in morning. In hurry you forget to about low door and bang, you hit your head against it. The pain is not very much after some time, but it can surely give you a headache. Going on with the day with headache is like carrying tons of weight on your head.
As the name suggest, intense pain in the head area or the neck or both, is called as headache. It can occur in migraines, tension type and cluster headache. It is a very common problem. It can occur to anyone, regardless race, age and sex. It is experienced by everyone.
It can be due to mental stress, emotional anxiety, medical disorder, hunger, hangovers and fatigue. It is an illness that is faced by everyone on day to day basis. The pain can be in any part of brain. It may be radiating, throbbing, and gradually increasing. It can be irritating with time. You won’t be able to concentrate in anything.
You may want to avoid any headache. In case you have one, you would want to get rid of it. Normally you would have a coffee or tea. If all this doesn’t work, then you should definitely pop a pill.
The medicines are not easily available. You will need a prescription. It is to avoid any kind of drug abuse. Many a times the pain killers are addictive. This kind of addiction can be fatal. Especially after incidents where kids had reach to them. It can be very dangerous. Hence it is advised to be careful with them.
Headache Medicines in India
There are many medicines to cure all types of headache. It is advised to have these medicine with meal. Here are few best headache relief medicines for adults and kids.
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever. It is often used to treat pain of any kind. It is also said to reduce fever. It is not advised to take it when you have liver conditions. Also you shouldn’t be having alcohol for having this medicine. Also it is not advised for pregnant women. This medicine is strictly to be taken under guidance of physicians.
2. Headache Relief Aspirin:
Aspirin is a derivative of salicylic acid. It is a salicylate. It is known to reduce pain. It reduces the substance that causes pain in the body.it is a very common choice of medicine for headache. It is said to be taken under supervision for patient with heart condition. It should not be given to people with bleeding disorders and you must not take aspirin if you are breastfeeding, as it can pass through the milk to the baby.
Ibuprofen is non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It treats pain and reduces inflammation. The pain can be of head, tooth, menstrual cramp and bones. It can be used for adults and six month old babies. It is not to be given to people who have had heart bypass surgery. You should not have it in last trimester of pregnancy. This medicine needs to be taken only with proper meal.
Naproxen is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It is of the propionic acid. This element helps to relax and reduce the pain in head. It is a risk of stomach ulcers. It reduces pain, stiffness and inflammation. It is always said to be taken with food. It is used for getting patients off medication. Hence it is called ‘bridge medicine’.
5. Combination of Aspirin and Acetaminophen:
Acetaminophen reduces fever and relieves pain. Aspirin on other hand treats pains and inflammation. Its combination is very effective. You should take it only if it the pain is unbearable as it is a heavy medicine. It has side-effects like increase in heart-beat, stomach allergy, drowsiness and heartburn. It is to be taken under supervision of doctor.
Barbiturate is anti-depression medicine. It has analgesic effects. It has mild anaesthetic effects. It treats cluster headache and acute migraines. It is used to treat insomnia and anxiety too. It is addictive and has no antidote. It can be addictive. It is not given to older adults, babies and pregnant ladies.
Amitriptyline is sold under the name ‘Elavil’. It is used to treat mental disorders like depression, anxiety. It is known to reduce acute headaches. It is known for preventing migraine in case of neuropathic pain.It has few side-effects like low blood pressure, dry mouth and constipation. It is advised for those who have history of migraine.
Topiramate is an anticonvulsant. It treats epilepsy. It is used to in acute headache and migraines. It has effect on blood vessels of brain. This reduces the pain and helps you relax. It is very effective for migraine sufferers with fewer side effects. It may cause dizziness, weight loss, fatigue and depression.
Tizanidine is muscle relaxant. It helps to reduce pain of spinal and central nervous system. It treats migraine headaches. It is given when the pain is high. It can cause liver damage and dizziness. It also causes nervousness, hallucination, drowsiness, constipation, dry mouth, vomiting, stomach pain, heart pain and tingling sensation in hands, feet and legs. Hence it is suggested to be taken under the guidance of doctor.
Buspirone is anxiety medicine which affects natural substance like neurotransmitters produced in brain. This helps to reduce pain in the head. It is medication taken by mouth. It has some adverse effects like drugs. It can get very addictive. It can cause dizziness, sleepiness and emotional imbalance. This medicine is sold with proper prescription only to avoid any kind of drug abuse.
11. Botulinum Toxin A:
Botulinum toxin A is neurotoxin protein product made by bacteria. It relieves cervical dystonia, myofascial pain syndrome and pain. It relieves tension type headache. It is safe and effective treatment for refractory migraine patients. There are mild and self-limited side effects. Hence it is given to all patients with migraine problem without any hesitation. It will be good to be taken with food.
Paracetamol is acetaminophen. It is analgesic. It works by binding and blocking an enzyme known as prostaglandins. This enzyme reduces pain. Paracetamol is pain relieving and reduces fever. It is not recommended for people with liver diseases and history of alcoholism. It is used by mostly everyone to relieve pain. It is known to all but it still needs prescription.
13. Hair Oil:
Our grandmothers would every night massage our heads with oil. This was a very emotional bonding. The oiling would moisturise our scalp and relief our tensions. The oils enter the roots of hair and relieve the stress. There are special oils for relieving headache. They are aromatic and very soothing. It has cooling effects. It is very effective for people who can’t pop medicines or have any liver and heart problem. There are lot of oils that claim to relieve headache. The smell can sometimes give a headache to others.
14. Roll-on Oils:
Roll-on oils are soothing aromatic oils. It is rubbed over fore-head. The aromas relieve pain. Also the muscle relaxant relieves the tensed muscles. These oils are sleeping inducing. Some of them come for small kids too. They have essential oils. It may be allergic to some. You should always to do patch test. They are very small like lip balm. You can carry it in your purse also. The smell of roll-on oils is less smelly, hence can be used anywhere and anytime. It is not sticky. It gets absorbed quickly. The fragrance also goes away with time. You can apply it on your hand kerchief and smell it. This also relieves pains.
Balms are ointment for headache. This is thick like petroleum jelly. It is mostly white in colour. Few it comes in gel form, to avoid stickiness. The balm has aromas just like roll-on. You can apply it on your forehead. Normally people apply it before sleeping. It is known for soothing effect. It is very good for pregnant ladies who don’t want any chemical entering their blood streams. If you have a small baby, you should avoid using balm, as it gets in contact with the baby. In case of any contact with eye, you should rinse it off immediately.
Loud music, parties, outing in night such types of disturbed and unhealthy lifestyle gives us frequent headache. Having frequent headaches often lead to disturbed family life. It also affects work and social life. There are many medicines to cure it. You can have it with your meal or a glass of milk. You should always check with doctor before having any medicine. It is advised to have this medicine in moderation. Overdose can be fatal and harmful to internal organs.