6 Different Types of Air Pollution And Its Causes
In today’s world, air pollution is one of the most important issues and most complained one as well. People are now dealing with air pollution on a daily basis due to it’s massive spread. From a long time, the factories, car engines, etc have been polluting the environment by spreading harmful gasses and for all that, the atmospheric layer has been severely damaged.
Basically, air pollution means the presence of pollutants in the air which are further breathed in by us and which further leads to serious harmful diseases. The pollutants come in many forms. They may be liquid droplets, solid materials, etc and many more. Pollutants can be further subdivided into two heads, primary and secondary. There are many process by which the basic pollutants are released into the air and of them is volcanic eruption. This is one of the most popular sources of mixing of pollutants with the air. CO released by the car engines (automobiles) is another popular source of air pollutants. One is natural, whereas the other is man made. The sulphur dioxide gas released from factories is another way of releasing the air pollutants into the air. We are gonna go into a detailed description about these air pollutant sources and discuss some other types of air pollution alongside as well.
What Are The Different Types Of Air Pollution:
Following are some of the most harmful air pollution types.
1. Particle Pollution:
According to different researches conducted by the specialists in this field it has been figured out that the pollutant particles present in the air cause the most pollution. The particles can generally be divided into types, solid and liquid. The liquid particles are generally made up of ashes which are produced when certain substances are burned such as coal. Diesel exhaust and chemicals in the air are also considered to be popular source of liquid particle pollution. Most of the passenger vehicles such as the bus can produce massive amounts of pollutant ashes which further lead to air pollution. Burning of wood and other similar substances can lead to particle pollution. These kinds of particle pollution can lead to strokes, heart attacks, coughing problems and can also cause some serious lung cancer symptoms. The governments are taking some serious measures to reduce the usage of such substances which can lead to air pollution. But still, there are some places where burning of wood, coal, etc are in excessive practice.
2. Common Air Pollutants:
There are certain common air pollutants which cannot be avoided and we are the mere victims of them. For development, industries haven to be built and when the industries start running in full scale there is a constant emission of carbon monoxide gas. This is considered to be one of the most harmful gases out there and is definitely one those things that cause the most number of physical problems caused by air pollution. This colorless, odorless has is one of the most harmful one’s under the category of gases hazardous to human health. Emission of nitrogen oxide is also another thing that leads to massive air pollution.
It is one of those gases that can lead to ling diseases and can make a human being sick from the core. The nitrogen oxide gas also leads to smog and is the cause of the decaying causes to the Taj Mahal once. Yes, it is this nitrogen oxide gas which leads to the occurrence of acid rain and for all it’s harmful facts, people should be more careful to use environment-friendly products which will lead to the least emission of this gas.
3. Greenhouse Gases:
There are number of causes that can be blamed to be responsible for causing air pollution. But greenhouse gas is something that is at the top of that list. This is definitely one of the most harmful gases out there. There are certain natural sources which can be claimed to be the largest producer of such gases. This is one of the most harmful gases out there that is causing one of the main problems throughout the globe, global warming.
The most known form of air pollution is this gas and it is the culprit, when it comes to production of greenhouse effect. It is severely affecting the climate of this earth and is one of the things that is hugely responsible for the climatic variations at almost every place on the earth. There are many causes that can lead to the emission of this harmful gas, burning of fossil fuels being the most important one. Carbon dioxide, methane, etc are such gases that can be sated to be a greenhouse gas and is leading to global warming as well. Not only humans, even animals are suffering due to such climatic changes and they are sometimes forced to migrate as well.
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4. The Volatile Organic Compounds:
Volatile organic compounds or VOC’s is also a significant greenhouse gas but there is a lot more to that. Some consider that it is much more harmful and can cause some of the most harmful diseases know to man in the present times. There are a number of hydrocarbon VOC’s, which can also be stated to be responsible for polluting the air and making the earth worse. 3-butadiene is one of the most dangerous compounds that can lead to air pollution and is one of the most harmful gases ever.
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Last but not the least, Ammonia is considered to be one of the worst substances known to man. It is emitted from agricultural processes and generally comes with a disturbing odor, rather pungent. the terrestrial organisms feed on this but on the other hand, this particular chemical substance is extremely harmful for the human beings. Even though it is used by the pharmaceutical companies, it is quite hazardous to our health.
6. Bad Odors:
Sometimes bad odors can be stated to be a reason for causing air pollution. That is why a neighborhood should be kept as clean as possible to maintain a healthy environment.