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25 Different Types of Trees And Their Uses

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Trees are the most essential living component in our nature. Trees help to maintain a balance in the ecosystem. Trees are helpful to us in various ways and we get several products from different types of trees.

Types of Trees in India With Pictures and Names:

Here are top 25 types of trees for your information.

1. Banyan Tree:

1.Banyan tree

Banyan trees are mostly seen in different regions of India, which is the national tree of India grows in special type of soil. The oldest Banyan tree is present in Kolkata. This huge types of tree has extensive branches in order to provide support to it, having height more than 21 m. Leaves are of 10-20 cm long. Leaves are used as plates in India. Wood is used for making furniture, door, etc. Leaf, seeds and bark are useful for various diseases and disorders.

2. Neem Tree:

2.Neem tree

The tree having bright leaves is up to height 100 feet tall. Straight and rough trunk is seen in neem trees. Each and every part of the Neem trees are essential for different purposes. They are used to treat chicken pox and used in various medicines. Wood is also used in south India for furniture making. Neem can be used as fertilizers for different plants.

3. Peepal Tree:

3. Peepal tree

It is a fast growing tree having heart-shaped leaves with large crown. Shed their leaves in month of March and April. Peepal tree are used for various purposes like it can be used as ear drop, heal wound, root bark cleans ulcers, prevent gum diseases, urinary troubles, fruit is useful for asthma and many more. The leaves are also used as decorative items.

4. Aloe Vera Tree:

4. Aloe Vera tree

Aloe Vera plant usually grows to height of about 12 to 16 inches. It has a thick and fleshy leaves with sharp edges but does not have stem. Long leaves are mainly in triangular fashion inside which contains the aloe vera gel. It grows in sandy soil in sunny location though need to be watered in regular basis. Aloe Vera is useful to hair to remove dandruff and the itchy effect. Though they are essential in cosmetic products, they are equally important to food industry.

5. Tulsi Plant:

5. Tulsi plant

Tulsi plant is considered as a holy and religious plant in India. Height reaches about 75 cm to 90 cm. The leaves are round oval shaped which contain essential oils. It has high medicinal value. It provides relief in fever, cold and cough, effective against insomnia, indigestion, etc.

6. Amla Plant:

6. Amla plant

Amlaki’ is the household name very commonly used for amla. It’s a medium deciduous plant of height about 8-18 meters. Spreading branches and crooked trunk are the prominent features of this plant. Feathery and linear oblong shaped leaves mostly smell like lemon. In extreme heat, it wraps and splits. Amla is highly rich in Vitamin C, thus used in common cold. This improves the immunity of our body and is useful for healthy hair. Other than that, amla is used in shampoo and many food items like jellies, pickle,etc.

7. Eucalyptus:

7. Eucalyptus

The leaves of this evergreen tree are of 6-12 inches long and 1-2 inches broad when they are adult. Height is nearly about 300 feet or more. Prominent bark is appeared with its ages. Fruit consists in a capsule. We get plywood for the manufacture of the paper. Poles are also used for construction of houses. This lowers the sugar level in blood and purifies it. This also acts as an antiseptic and also provides remedy for asthma patients.

8. Mahagony:

8. Mahagony

Mahogany is basically used as astringent for wound obtained from the bark. This is used as a remedy in diseases like anemia, fever, dysentery, others. Furniture, boat, casket, musical instruments are generally made from the wood of mahogany. Indian mahogany trees are found mostly all over India. They have symmetrically round crown growing up to 30-40 feet height.

9. Indian Rosewood:

9. Indian rosewood

The rosewood tree grows up to altitude of about 25 m and has diameter of about 3 m. This rosewood is a deciduous tree which grows straight. Flowers are of white and pink colours. The fruit is brown coloured and is of very dry and hard. Crown part is oval in shape. It works as a fuel wood. Also used for making furniture, plywood, musical instruments, etc. It is a remedy for acne treatment and helps to balance oily and dry skins. The rosewood oil stimulates the growth of new cell.

10. Tulip Tree:

10. Tulip tree

Indian Tulip is found in lower dry to wet forest. Height of Indian tulip tree is usually more than 40feet. The flowers are cup shapes and the leaves are of heart shaped. This evergreen tree is very fast growing. Main branches of the tulip tree grow in straight along with thick bark. As the tree gets older it thins out, though it was bushy while it was young. Flowers, fruits and the young leaves are edible. Timber is used for making paper, paddles and also used to make gums and oils. Leaves are also used for swollen joints.

11. Sal Tree:

11. Sal tree

Sal trees are mainly found in the eastern regions of India like Bengal, Assam and others. It is a sub deciduous tree up to 30 m height. This Sal tree has tough texture and leathery leaves. They never go completely leafless. Medicines as of astringent is received from the resin and also given during diseases like dysentery and diarrhea. Also used as an ointment for skin disease and foot cream. Powered seeds are basically used for dental issues. Tribal peoples use leaves for making bowls, baskets, platters,etc. The Sal butter extracted from the seeds is edible.

12. Cork Tree:

12. Cork tree

In India, cork tree grows mainly in Central India. This tall deciduous tree can grow near about 25 meter. The flowers are white tubular and consists fragrance. The characteristic feature of this is that the flower grows at night and by itself shed it in the early morning. The corky bark and strong trunk are used mainly for its medicinal value. It’s a remedy for lung and cough diseases.

13. Turmeric Tree:

13. Tumeric tree

The other commonly used name, colloquially used, is Haldi. It is also called Indian saffron and is widely cultivated in India. The stem of turmeric plant is very short which is of 60-90 cm. Flower are of yellow white and pink. It is highly antiseptic, thus is used for internal injuries, wound, pimples, etc. It acts as a remedy for cold and cough and also given in jaundice.

14. Teak Tree:

14. Teak tree

The teak trees are very tall having height near about 30 meter and are evergreen. The larger leaves are of same the size of tobacco trees. The flowers are of white to bluish coloured and the fruit is of papery and light brown in colour. They normally have uneven texture by growing straight and have slight luster. Teak are widely used in making furniture, boats, doors and windows of house. Bark is considered very useful for headache, stomach problem, fevers and digestion.

15. Black Willow Tree:

15. Black willow tree

Black willow is one of the species of willow tree. Another name used for black willow is ‘swamp willow’. The bitterly tasted roots previously used as an alternatively for quinine. Salicylic acid which is similar to the compound aspirin is present. They are used for the treatment of cold and cough, fever and headache.

16. The Maple Tree:

16. The maple tree

Maple is a common type of shrub. There are as many as 125 species of maple trees which are present in nature. The main types of maple trees are sugar maple, red maple, silver maple, Japanese maple, Norway maple and paperbark maple. The trees are deciduous trees which mean they lose their leaves in each fall but some are there that do not shed the leaves. Canadian flag depicts a maple leaf on it. It is used as art of bonsai and are extensively used as ornamental tree due to its different vibrant colours.

17. The Oak Tree:

17. The oak tree

Oak tree falls under the group of flowering plants. There are different types of oak trees present in nature. It has simply spiral arranged leaves. Some leaves have lobate margins and others have serrated leaves or have smooth margins. Bark of the white oak tree are usually dried and used for medical purposes. Manuscript inks were previously made from oak galls for many centuries. Bark of cork oak is used as bottle stopper. The wood of this tree is used as valuable timber.

18. Cucumber Tree:

18. Cucumber tree

Cucumber is popularly used as a food item world widely and known by several names. Cucumber tree is deciduous trees whose leaves are oblong is shape and are down sided on the underside. The leaves have fine and smooth margins. It is under the magnolia group but unlike the magnolia, in cucumber tree flowers are not showy. This tree basically refers to unripe fruit. They provide perfect shade but not preferable to plant this street tree. Often grow in deep moist soil with slightly acidic in nature.

19. Black Walnut:

19. Black walnut

The black walnuts are mostly used commercially. This type of tree is also a species of deciduous tree. Trees are often cultivated for walnuts and fruits. On the other hand these trees do have high medical importance. Improved quality of wood and nuts are of high demand to various parts of the world. Black walnut is sometimes undesirable since it used to harm grasses and plants. Leaves have many leaflets with largest leaflets in the center and that have pointed long tip and round base. The fruit has a semi fleshy husk which falls in October and November months. The ripening fruits are seen during the autumn season.

20. Cedar:

20. Cedar

The above picture shows a white cedar tree which is an evergreen tree. Cedar tree is mainly known as Cedar wood all over. This tree has conical shape with branched trunk and has flat leaves. This tree acts as a medicine in case of cold, flu and fevers. Leaves of cedar tree are used to make tea which is high in Vitamin C.

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21. Beech Tree:

21. Beech tree

This picture shows an older beech tree with beech nuts. The nuts and leaves of beech trees are edible. It can also be used for firewood and act as a very good source. This tree is very large in size as it grows but the wood of this tree is not so strong enough. As a result, large beeches are found to be falling apart. New beech leaves comes out from the buds in spring which can be eaten and tastes differently. These can be eaten raw but the cooked item has greater nutritional value.

22. Apple Tree:

22. Apple tree

Apple is widely grown and cultivated all over the world as a fruit. these types of trees grow as a deciduous tree. They mainly grow from the seeds but can also be grown using grafting process by planting the small grafted portions. Apple is highly rich in vitamins and minerals. Bark of the root of this tree is used for fevers. Apples are baked which can be eaten for sore throat. Regularly eating an apple controls the body metabolism and helps in restful sleep. Apple cider which is very commonly available in markets acts as an antibiotic.

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23. Hazel:23. Hazel

Hazel tree provides edible nuts and hence it’s a common tree of waysides. Hazel is a shrub type which generally has multiple stems. The leaves of hazel are elongated in shape which looks like racket shaped with rough texture. Fruits of this tree can be identified easily. It normally grows in straight and unobstructed way. It also consists of nice structure as the leaves grow and takes a proper structure. It is used for making camp gadgets, strong straight poles and tent pegs.

24. Common Ash:

24. Common Ash

This is almost the tallest tree among the all. The uses from this tree are well known from the ancient periods. It is used to make bows in bow-arrow, simply excellent for firewood and also used for many various tools and its handles. Ash tree has relatively higher diameter as compared to the other trees. It has seeds which are flattened in its outlook and form dense clusters. Each sub branches of the tree usually consists of numerous opposite pair of leaflets which is the key feature of this tree.

See More: Different Types Of Forests With Pictures

25. Hawthorn:

25. Hawthorn

Hawthorn is a tree which widely used in rural areas to make the fences. From the name it can be understood that it has thorny and prickly character. The tree has characteristic red bright berries during the latter half of the summer months. Deeply lobed leaves are the distinct feature of this tree. This tree has several uses like it is used for firewood; thorns are used for fish-hook and fences prevention to livestock and also the leaves, flowers and berries are edible used for survival.

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