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24 Historical Yoga Mudras and Their Significance to Health

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Yoga Mudras are simply rituals which are used in both Hindu and Buddhist traditions which describes some symbolic gestures. Mudras are also a form of yoga which is done while practicing pranayama and it is a kind of medication which allows direct flow of energy into our body. These mudras in yoga are performed with hands but there are few mudras also which can be performed with whole body.

Practicing these yoga mudras mediates our mind and helps us to heal emotionally. Mudra uses techniques which stimulate the different parts of our brain promoting relaxation and calmness. Mudras are used to express and emphasize the intentions of our mind. You can notice these similar mudras used in different classical dance forms. These mudras when used in dance forms symbolize different thoughts through the mudras! There are many types of mudras in yoga and each of them has a different benefits.

24 Historical Yoga Mudras and Their Significance to Health

According to Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist iconography, every god or goddess adopts a particular mudra which signifies weapons or objects held by the deity. It also symbolizes particular energy or quality by different formation of mudra yoga. Even in india, every god and goddess holds different hand mudras which symbolize a particular energy. Each finger used in doing these mudras represents an element which is used to symbolize different gestures.

Fingers and Their 5 Elements:

Yoga Mudra Types and Benefits

Yoga Mudra Types and Benefits:

Following are the best yoga mudra poses in listed which are popular and well-known from ancient times in india. Here we have given performing steps along with their health benefits also.

1. Chin Mudra Yoga – Gesture of Conscience:

Yoga Mudras Chin Mudra

Steps:

  • Simply join the tip of the thumb and the forefinger to form a circle.
  • Leave the other fingers joined and extended outwards, with the middle finger remains unfolded on the forefinger.
  • This mudra yoga should be performed with both hands and the palms facing upwards.
  • Chin mudra should be done for long time duration as compared to other mudras that is 10-15 minutes.

Chin Mudra Benefits:

  • This yoga mudra chin represents the union between man and the divine.
  • This mudra increases our grasping power and sharpens our memory.
  • It relieves from insomnia and excessive sleep both.
  • This mudra yoga also gives us relaxation from tensions and anger.

This same mudra when performed with the palm facing downward is known as Gyan Mudra (Gesture of Knowledge).

2. Abhaya Mudra – Gesture of Fearlessness:

Yoga Mudras Abhaya Mudra

Steps:

  • For doing abhaya mudra yoga first raise your right hand towards your to shoulder height,
  • Then slowly bent your arm and leave the palm open facing outward with the fingers together in a vertical position.
  • Let your other hand with open palm rest on your lap.

Abhaya Mudra for Health:

  • This mudra represents security, kind, helpful, peace and victory over fear.
  • Abhaya mudra is found in many Buddhist idols which show the gesture of peace world-wide common to many cultures.

3. Adi Mudra – First Gesture:

Yoga Mudras Adi mudra

How to Perform Mudra “ADI”:

  • First create a fist by joining close your four fingers on the thumb.
  • Place your thumb inside the palm of the hand touching the base of the little finger allowing the palms to face downwards.
  • While doing this yoga mudra, inhale and exhale long and deep.

According to the Hindu mythology Adi means first. It is believed that Adi Mudra is the first position adopted by the newborns.

See More: Office Yoga Exercises

4. Dhyana Mudra – Gesture Of Meditation:

Yoga Mudras Dhyana Mudra

Mudra Steps:

  • This mudra in yoga should be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in Sukhasana).
  • Keep both the hands resting on the legs and the right hand over the left.
  • The palms should be facing upwards and fingers extended.

This mudra is found in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain iconography as it represents the illumination above the illusion.

5. Apana Mudra Pose- Gesture of The Vital Air Apana (Also Called Mudra Of Digestion):

Yoga Mudras Apana Mudra

How to Do Apana Yoga:

  • The tip of the thumb should be joined first with the tip of the middle and ring fingers keeping the other fingers straight.
  • This yoga mudra should be executed with both hands.

Health Benefits of Mudra Apana:

  • Apana, means air that runs in our body.
  • This mudra energizes and helps in governing all forms of elimination and reproduction of our body.

6. Agni Mudra (Also Called Surya Mudra) – Gesture of The Fire:

Yoga Mudras Agni Mudra

How to Present Mudra Pose:

  • First bend your ring finger so that you can touch the base of the thumb and press it with the thumb on the second phalanx keeping the other fingers straight.
  • This mudra should be performed with both hands and palms facing in upward direction.

Yoga Agni Mudra Benefits:

  • This mudra symbolizes our inner fire which works great in preventing and curing many digestive disorders.
  • It also helps to get rid of our excess body fat and lowers our laziness quotient.
  • It is beneficial for diabetics and people with cholesterol too.

See More: Dahn Yoga Meditation

7. Vayu Mudra – Gesture of The Air:

Yoga Mudras Vayu Mudra

How to Do It:

  • First bend your index finger at the base of the thumb and press with your thumb on the second phalanx, keeping the other fingers straight.
  • This mudra should be performed with both hands and the palms facing in upward direction.

Vayu Mudra for Body:

This mudra balances the air element within the body.

8. Akash Mudra – Gesture Of The Space:

Yoga Mudras Akash Mudra

How to Do It:

  • First join the tip of the thumb and the middle finger to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight.
  • It has to be executed with both hands and the palms facing upward.

Benefits of Akash Yoga Mudra:

  • This mudra balances our space element in the body.
  • It helps our body in achieving the other energies inside our body.

9. Prithvi Mudra Pose- Gesture Of The Earth:

Yoga Mudras Prithvi mudra

How to Do It:

  • Just join the tip of the thumb and the ring finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight.
  • It is same as agni mudra but the only difference here is to form the circle.
  • This mudra should be executed with both hands and the palms facing upward.

Prithvi Mudra Benefits:

 

  • This Mudra helps in balancing the Earth element within the body.
  • It also re-charges the root chakra aligning it with the earth energies.
  • This mudra creates an immense energy in our body.
  • It centralizes our soul energy which makes us more powerful.
  • People losing energy in an faster rate or the person who feels dizzy all the time should practice this mudra daily for five minutes.

10. Jal Mudra Yoga – Gesture of The Water:

Yoga Mudras Jal Mudra

Steps to Perform:

  • First join the tip of the thumb and little finger as to form a circle keeping the other fingers straight.
  • It has to be executed with both hands and the palms facing upward.

Jal Mudra for Health:

  • Jal mudra balances the water element in our body.
  • It restores the fluid balance treating the dryness (dry skin, dry mouth, and dry eyes) and other disorders of kidneys and bladder.

11. Apana Vayu Mudra – Gesture of The Heart:

Yoga Mudras Apana Vayu Mudra

Steps:

  • The tip of thumb, ring and middle finger should be joined first while making the forefinger touching the base of the thumb and the little finger straight.
  • This mudra should be executed with both hands and the palms facing upward.

Apana Vayu Mudra Benefits:

This mudra is also called of gesture of the heart for its influence upon the heart and blood pressure. It reduces the gas content of our body.

See More: Yoga Poses for Beginners

12. Prana Mudra – Gesture Of The Vital Air:

Yoga Mudras Prana Mudra 

Steps in Perform:

  • This yoga mudra should be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in Sukhasana) focusing mainly on the breathing system.
  • Allow the tips of the little finger and ring finger to touch the tip of the thumb and leave the other fingers straight.
  • Keep both hands and palms facing upward direction.

Prana Mudra for Good Health:

  • This yoga mudra symbolizes the life force.
  • By doing this mudra the dormant energetic power of life is awakened.
  • It also develops health and activity in the body.
  • It enhances the immunity power, strengthens and rejuvenates the body.
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2 Comments

  1. neha

    July 24, 2015 at 2:24 pm

    Excellent. I want more mudras and its benefits.

  2. amulya

    August 28, 2015 at 8:33 am

    amazing mudras and excellent benefits………….
    very nice article..