Everyone’s mouth waters with the mention of Mangoes. Whether it is their aroma or sweet taste, there is an excellent reason why Mango is considered the “King of Fruits.” Many cultivars are growing mangoes worldwide, though this delicious and juicy fruit is native to India. Mangoes serve a memorable treat every time we devour them, sometimes sweet, sometimes tangy, and are a gift to us from mother nature. Worldwide, there are more than a thousand different varieties of mangoes. Let us go through this article about the different types of mangoes with names.
What is a Mango(AAM)?
The tropical tree Mangifera indica produces an edible stone fruit called Mango. The origin of this tasty, delicious fruit is in Northeastern India, Bangladesh, and Northwestern Myanmar. However, in South and Southeast Asia cultivated M.indica, there are two distinct modern mango cultivars, “the Indian type” and the “Southeast Asian type.”
The size, shape, sweetness, and skin color mainly depend upon the cultivar since there are several hundred cultivars of mangoes worldwide. The color of these tasty fruits also varies; some include orange, green, pale yellow, or gold. Bangladesh’s national tree is Mango, whereas the Philippines, Pakistan, and India have Mango as their national fruit.
20 List of Different Varieties of Mangoes with Images:
The curated list of twenty different types of mangoes in the world and India. Let us go through the article for more details.
Top 10 Different Types of Mangoes In the World:
The sweet and juicy fruit is famous worldwide, and different species of mangoes have other characteristics in appearance, taste, and availability. Here is the list of the ten best Mango types in the world.
1. Honey (Ataulfo):
Named after the grower Ataulfo Morales Gordillo, Honey (Ataulfo) mangoes originated in Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico. You can identify these Mexican mango types by their golden yellow skin. At the peak of their ripeness, the honey mangoes have a buttery, elegant texture. Ataulfo is a descendant of Philipino mangoes rather than sharing an Indian heritage. During the 18th-century Manila-Acapulco galleon trade, the seedlings of this fruit arrived in Mexico. Late February to early August is the peak season for the Ataulfo mango.
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Also called Madam Francis Mangoes, Francis mangoes have a sweet and fruity flavor. These mangoes are unique, and Haiti, Ecuador, and the West Indies are the prime sources of these fruits. Though this variety is primarily grown in Haiti, it is one of the most sought-out fruit in the United States. The Francis mangoes are also grown in South Florida. The peach-like fruits start with green overtones and gradually change to more golden yellow as the fruit ripens.
The name of Haden Mangoes comes from the mango cultivator, a retired US Captain John J. Haden. The Captain planted Mulgoba seedlings in his Coconut Groove, Florida, which took eight years to grow into a tree. Haden is Florida’s most widely produced variety and is among the best types of mangoes globally. Haden has a combination of red and yellow hues. Ecuador, Peru, and Mexico are some of the leading cultivators of Haden mangoes.
Mrs. J.N.Keittplanted the Keitt mango was planted on her property in Homestead, Florida, in 1939, derived from the seeding of the Mulgoba cultivar. However, the features of this fruit, such as late-season ripening and large fruit size, might indicate that the seedling is of Brooks. Keitt is reportedly the biggest-sized mango variety.
Keitt mango has juicy, firm flesh with little fiber and a citrusy aroma. The primary sources of this tasty Mango are Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, and the United States. In addition, you can enjoy them in pickles, and they are pretty famous in Asian cuisines. From March to April, August and September is when you can relish the fruit.
Leith D, Kentplanted an original seedling of the Brooks cultivar on his property in Florida on January 1, 1933. Kent mango is a cross between Brooks and Haden, according to a pedigree analysis done in 2005. Thus, 1938 was the year when the tree first bore fruit. This Mango is sweet with notes of sourness. It also has a tropical peachy aroma and tender, juicy flesh with limited fiber.
Kent mango is ideal for juicing and drying. Mexico, Ecuador, and Pery are the leading countries producing Kent mangoes. December to February are the months this Mango is available. Once this Mango starts to ripen, yellow dots cover its skin.
6. Tommy Atkins:
Tommy Atkins is one of the Brazilian mango varieties native to Florida and grown extensively in the United States. Available between March and July, Brazil, Guatemala, Ecuador, and Mexico are some countries that cultivate Tommy Atkins. This fruit has tart with sweet notes along with firm fibrous flesh and citrus fragrance.
Philippine citizens consider the Carabao mango a symbol of national pride and the best philippine mango variety. In addition, this mango holds a Guinness book of world records in 1995 for its sweetness. The native water buffalos of the Philippines are an inspiration in naming these mangoes. When unripe, the Carabao mango looks green and tastes sour, whereas it turns orange-yellow as it ripes and gets the sweetness.
Graham mango is a seedling of the Julie Mango, and it originates in Trinidad. The USDA introduced this variety to the United States through Florida in 1932. The skin of Graham mango is bumpy and undulating, and the skin is yellow at maturity. It has a rich, aromatic flavor with a resinous note, and the flesh of this fruit is orange and fibreless. It typically matures from June to August in Florida, and it contains monoembryonic seed.
9. Sein Ta Lone:
The translation of Sein Ta Lone is Diamond Mango and originates in Myanmar. The non-fibrous and juicy flesh of Sein Ta Lone makes it one of the most cherished mangoes from Myanmar. Also called Diamond Solitaire Mango, it looks big and imposing, weighing three pounds and 15 cm in length. Apri to August is the time when these orangy fleshed Mangoes dominate the fruit market.
10. Chok Anan:
Tapered tips and oval shapes are the prominent features of the Chok Anan mango. Because of its sweet taste, this Mango is also called honey mango. Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, and Thailand are the countries that cultivate these mangoes. This Mango is often fruited twice a year, fruiting in the summer and then giving away to another crop in the wintertime, giving it the name Miracle Mango.
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Top 10 Different Types of Indian Mangoes:
Mango is one of the loved fruits in India, and hence it is considered the national fruit of the sub-continent. Though there are many different varieties of mangoes across India, we have presented you with the ten best.
11. Alphonso mango varieties:
Alphonso is a popular type of Mango that is named after the Portuguese general Afonso de Albuquerque. It is the most sought-after variety of mangoes globally, with its unparalleled taste and texture, making it the King of Mangoes. Many people believe Alphonso to be the driving force behind Mango being the national fruit of India. It is grown in the Konkan region of Maharashtra.
Alphonso mango weighs around 230 to 260 grams and is famous for its rich taste and fiber-less flesh. March through the start of June is the peak season for this mango variety.
12. Kesar mango variety:
The saffron appearance of this fruit and the heavenly taste give these mangoes the name Kesar. Though cultivated and distributed throughout the country, Kesar mangoes from the Girnar Hills of Junagadh, Gujarat, are famous. Renowned for their distinct sweet flavor, Kesar mangoes are also considered the “Queen of Mangoes.” It is a sought-after ingredient for many exotic dishes and is available from May to July.
13. Dasheri variety of Mango:
Dasheri mangoes are some of the famous North Indian mango varieties. Lucknow and its adjoining towns cultivate this Mango. Dasheri mangoes in India have green peels and a wholesome taste and are easily distinguishable from other mango varieties. Pakistan and Nepal grow this mango variety, and during the 18th century, the Dasheri mango found its place in the gardens of the Lucknow nawabs. It is available from mid-may to late August, and the sweet taste makes it a popular option among mango lovers.
14. Chausa variety of Mango:
Another hotspot for mango lovers in India is the Hardoi and its adjacent regions in Uttar Pradesh. Hardoi is popular for Chausa mangoes, and it is 112 km away from Lucknow. Exclusively famous for their yellowish color and aroma, these mangoes fall under the sucking category. July through August are the months when this fruit is available.
15. Langra variety of Mango:
Langra is one of the famous Indian mango varieties found in Varanasi. The lemon-yellow skin and delicious taste make the BanarasiLangra mangoes more popular. These mangoes are available in June-July. There is a story that legless farmers cultivated these mangoes, and therefore, they got the name Langra. Langra mango is also called Malda Mango in some parts of northern India and Bihar. Pakistan and Bangladesh are some other countries that cultivate this Mango. While ripening, this cultivar retains a greenish tinge.
Amrapali is one of the hybrid mango varieties created in 1971, and it is a crossbreed between Dasheri and Neelam mangoes. Compared to other commercial varieties of mangoes, the shelf-life of Amrapali Mango is relatively shorter. However, this Mango is known for its deep red flesh once fully ripe. Farms and orchards across India grow these mangoes.
Dr.PijushKanti Majumdar provided the seed first planted in Chakdaha, Nadia district, in West Bengal.
17. Neelam mango variety:
The tastiest variety of Neelam Mangoes comes from Andhra Pradesh, although different parts of India cultivate them. Neelam mangoes have a specific sweet smell compared to other mangoes. This is a small mango variety, its color being a bit on the orange side, and it is available during May and July months. The best type of this Mango is available only from June’s second week, although Neelam arrives very early in the mango season.
Banganpalli or Safeda mango is one of the most popular South Indian mango varieties. However, it is a famous mango in Andhra Pradesh’s several regions, especially in Banganpalle town, hence the name. This fruit is often referred to as “the king of mangoes” in South India because it is significantly larger than other varieties of mangoes. It weighs about 350 to 400 grams, and people sell them in the market during the mid-season. This mango variety lacks fiber, is sweet, and has a meaty texture.
19. Badami Mango:
Badami mango is one of the most popular varieties in Karnataka and is considered the state’s Alphonso. The reason why many people love Badami Mango is that it has Alphonso’s taste and texture. April to June is the best time to find Badami mangoes. The city of Badami city of Karnataka is the source of inspiration for naming this mango variety.
You can detect the Badami mangoes’ soft flesh from the thin skin, which has a pale yellow color. However, the fruit is more exquisite because it is almost fibreless.
20. Totapuri mango variety:
Totapuri mangoes, also known as Bangalora or Sandersha mangoes, are famous in the electronic city of India, Bangalore. The Totapuri mangoes have a distinct taste and aroma and are one of the most significant mangoes in our country. These medium-sized greenish-yellow mangoes are available from May to July and are a delight for mango-lovers.
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Interesting facts about Mangoes:
Here are some of the interesting facts about mangoes:
- Mango is an ancient fruit as they date to 4000 years.
- Most of the mangoes ripen in summer, and there are over 500 mango fruit varieties worldwide.
- Mangoes grown tropically are related to pistachios and cashews.
- Depending on the variety and maturity of the fruit, the vitamin content of Mango varies. For example, while vitamin C content is high when Mango is still green, vitamin A increases as the fruit ripens.
- India, the Philippines, and Pakistan have Mango as their national fruit.
- The oldest known Mango tree is 300 years old and still produces viable fruit is in East Khandesh.
- Americans still consider Mangoes exotic, although they are a staple fruit in Africa and many Asian countries.
This article gives you a list of the best varieties of mangoes, making you feel as if you have traveled the world. We hope you have enjoyed the juicy little story associated with each Mango. You can choose and try a new type of Mango from different places and expand your palette. Don’t forget to let us know if you found this article helpful, and let us know which one is your favorite.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is based on pure research and is not a professional opinion. The website is not responsible for the accuracy and authenticity of the information provided in this article.