Frogs are almost found everywhere around us, in different regions, landscapes and countries. They are adaptable to live everywhere; however, they most likely are popularly found in different varieties in and around tropical areas. But did you know there are varieties in types of frogs in the world? So, what you may have come across may be just one or two kinds of frogs around you, but there are other numerous ones too.
As exciting as it can get, today, let us learn something new about all popular types of frogs in the world.
Frogs and Characteristics:
Let us get started with the basics. Do you know, before we get into frog varieties, they have different scientific names too? Yes, you heard us right! There are numerous varieties of frogs globally, and their names vary according to the type. However, frogs all belong to the class Amphibia (phylum Chordata). Their specialty is that their body temperatures and adaptive conditions vary according to their region. They can also change their skin color according to their surroundings. They have four limbs, and the front limbs help them to jump. Among several species, the Indian frog is the popular type in the world.
Differences Between Frogs and Toads:
Most often, many of us get confused between frogs and toads. They may look a lot similar; however, indeed are pretty different. Compared to frogs, toads look a bit thicker and larger in bulky fluffy body appearance, with a dry skin feel. Frogs, on the other hand, have a silky smooth look without any bumpiness. Further, frogs have longer-legged than the head and rest of the body. Toads have tiny legs and crawl instead of jump or hop. So now let us know all about different species and breeds in types of frogs.
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The Most Popular Types of Frogs in the World:
Now that we know what and how frogs are let us see the most popular different types of frogs list here with names. Here we go!
1. Red-eyed Tree Frog:
The Red-eyed tree dog, scientific name Agalychniscallidryas, belongs to the native of Mexico and South America. These different types of tree frogs are native to lowlands of Tropical regions and appear with bulging red eyes and a green body with blue and yellow stripes on the sides. These types of frogs have orange or reddish feet and look unique and bright with playful colors. These frogs, unlike others, have substantial webbed feet and sticky pads, often have much better grip than others while climbing surfaces and trees. These frogs feed on insects, flies, and moths and usually live up to five years.
2. Blue Poison Dart Frog:
The Dendrobates tinctorius “Azureus,” otherwise the blue poison dart frog is among the most beautiful species. The frogs look like blue gemstones, with a uniquely bright, colorful look and appearance. The types of poison dart frogs have amazing black spots near the sides, making them appear different from others. These frogs are found near tropical forests in Southern Suriname to Norther Brazil regions. However, these frogs are much poisonous and secretes toxic substances from the skin. These feed on beetles, ants, and termites mostly.
3. Golden Poison Frog:
With the scientific name Phyllobates terribilis, the golden poison frog is a yellowish golden color-looking frog that may also change to orangish shade color depending on the frog’s age. These, however, are very poisonous, as the name suggests. These golden poison types of frogs are located near the Amazon rainforest’s lowland habitats and Columbia pacific coast. They are among endangered species, given their small population. The coating on their skin is batrachotoxin, a substance that is good enough to kill anyone.
4. Amazon Milk Frog:
The Amazon milk frog, Trachycephalus resinifictrix, is popular with its dark brown and grey shaded to blue skin with patches of the body with bright color. These colorful, beautiful species are among those which are native to Amazon Rain Forest in South America. The name milk frog has come from the poisonous milky white color secretions that are erupted from within it when the frogs are stressed or unhappy. As these frogs age, the colors fade slightly and look less bright. These frogs feed primarily on insects and flies.
5. Tomato Frog:
Just like a tomato – these frogs appear quite a reddish color with the plump textured body. The scientific name of the tomato frog is Dyscophus antongilii. These are among the large types and species of frogs, especially females, when compared to males. These frogs too secrete white glue-like substances and are famous natives of Rain forests of Madagascar. They breed in freshwater and only feed in insects, larvae, and worms.
6. Goliath Frog:
Conrava Goliath, the Goliath frog, is the largest ever frog in the world. It weighs around 5-7 pounds usually and measures from 6.5 to 12.5 inches in length. These types of frogs grow from baby frogs, tadpoles to their size in just about three months. The Goliaths native is tropical forests of Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea and is among endangered species.
7. Mimic Poison Frog:
The Mimic poison frog, a ranitomeya imitator, comes with different distinct color patterns. Most of these frogs inhabit the central Peru regions and feed on insects, termites, and flies. They belong to the family of highly toxic frogs, too, and are among lesser-seen amidst nature. As the name suggests, the mimic frogs resemble themselves superficially, either for protection or prey, depending on nature and purpose.
8. Wallace’s Flying Frog:
The Wallace flying frog is native to species around Malaysia and Borneo. These frogs are unique because they can buy with their low webbed toes to flex and move around. These toes can spread out as wind sails when they feel threatened. They can leap from branches and places, spreading their feet very wide. The scientific name of this type of frog is Rhacophorus nigropalmatus, and this mostly feeds on insects.
9. Purple Frog:
The purple frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) is primarily present in India, around the Western Ghats. These frogs are unique, principally ones that live underground and usually come out around monsoons season. They are among burrowing animal frogs that live below ground, feed themselves with worms, termites, and ants under the soil. They are independent creatures compared to other frogs.
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10. Wood Frog:
The wood frogs are primarily found around Northern America. These kinds have black markings around their eyes that appear like masks, and it is pretty easy to identify these frogs. These come in a shade of black, grey, green, or brown. The frogs mostly live around colder climates and like winters. They feed on insects, slugs, snails, and worms.
11. Malagasy Rainbow Frog:
The Scaphiophryne gottlebei, Malagasy rainbow frogs belong from the Madagascar regions. These are also popular as red rain frogs, and however, one cannot assume their appearance based on the name. These frogs look in white to green or red color tones with back stripes. They are among the most endangered species right now, given the reducing habitat.
12. Malayan Horned Frog:
These frogs, megophrys nasuta, are native to Southeast Asian rain forests. They are ground-moving frogs that do not climb distances or heights. They have a brown body with a textured look with a triangulated nose. As the name suggests, one can see horns kind of appearance over the eyes. These frogs are large in size in their species and primarily feed on worms.
13. Indian Bullfrog:
The Indian bullfrog is among the prevalent species in the world. Hoplobatrachus Tigerinus, the Indian types of bullfrogs, comes with a different unique range of colors, mainly around the greener shade range. They are among dull and quiet frogs that do not do any harm. Instead, they go about with their feed and mating. These frogs range to around six inches and are the largest among frogs found in India.
14. Vietnamese Mossy Frog:
As the name suggests, the Vietnamese mossy frog (Theloderma corticale)is native to the landscapes and northern forests of Vietnam. This frog pretends to look like a moss-covered rock, with blue or green and black color bumpiness around the body. They feed on crickets, insects, and cockroaches and are often unique to roll like a ball playing dead to avoid predators.
15. Hairy Frog:
The trichobatrachus robustus, otherwise popular as a hairy frog or horror frog, is the name given due to hair-like growths on their sides. These frogs are quite unique in their behavior; they even break their bones when they feel threatened, so they use those rough skin to act like claws to attack. Their defence mechanism is itself very interesting to study. In most cases, these types of frogs spend underwater and around water.
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Interesting Facts About Frogs:
How about some fun and interesting facts about frogs too?
- There are over 5000 to 6000 species of frogs in the world. We definitely did not imagine this!
- The frogs come in different colors, and most often, they appear very attractive too.
- The frogs are popular to drink water from their skin, given that they absorb it.
- Frogs lay eggs in water, and those hatch to tadpoles. The tiny tadpoles don’t have lungs.
- Frogs are found everywhere in the world and can adapt to extreme environments also.
These different types of frogs, their characteristics and behavior indeed mesmerize us into excitement and shock. So we hope you, too, learned something new today; let us know your thoughts on these different types and kinds of frogs.
This is exclusively a guide about types and kinds of frogs for informative purposes only. The opinions and overview in this article are provided from various sources across the web. The author does not guarantee or promise any accuracy of facts provided in this article.