India used to be the habitat for several species of wild life. Amongst the most well known of them were the Asiatic Lion, The Royal Bengal Tigers, The Asiatic Cheetah and several other bird. However, owing to human activities and increased poaching and killing of animals by the poachers for their horns, or their skin or even their teeth or hooves, has lead to lowering their numbers. Sometimes many species move out of their natural habitat for the need of food and also due to gradual contamination of the lands with pollution that they are habituated to live in. It can also happen when there are floods or there are other natural calamities or the slow increase of the saltiness of the water.
There can be several factors which are natural and often affect a kind of a species largely. Nowadays there are several factories and housing that has increased. The factories are mainly polluting the river waters which have lead to killing various types of aquatic fishes or other animals. These have also destroyed the natural river side habitats for several varieties of frogs and other reptiles.
Below are the lists of the top 15 animals that are listed as the endangered species in the Indian subcontinent.
Most Popular Endangered Animals Species in India:
1. The Royal Bengal Tiger:
The royal Bengal tigers which are popularly found in the state of Bengal at the salt water reserve are amongst the most well known of the endangered species. There are only a few hundreds of these remaining. Due to excessive population in the saltwater estuary regions and increased poaching activities and also due to the increase in the level of waters has lead for the tigers to leave the jungle areas and often getting into villages nearby and hence getting killed or getting into hands of animal traders. Many of these are getting killed for their teeth or skin. Even though government has increased the laws relating to regulations of these poaching activities, even then these only has improved their conditions slightly because their numbers are still decreasing.
2. The Great Asiatic Lion:
These are only left in very few numbers and are also one of the most well known creatures in the endangered list that were once found in packs in this continent. These are now found only in the Gir National Park. Increased population and housing in these regions were mostly responsible for their decrease.
3. The Snow Leopard:
Once, the Himalayan forests used to have a large number of these felide members of the big cat family. However, due to the melting of ice of Himalayas and also increased housing and construction in the region leading to cutting down of forests. Only a few hundred are left around the Himalayan forests.
4. The Purple Frog:
This is also known as the pig nose frog and is a very distinct type of frogs that were once found in abundance in the Western Ghats. These are now found very rarely and their number is small.
5. The Pink Headed Ducks:
These were once found in the Gangetic plains of the subcontinent. These are now believed to be very rare and found in inaccessible pasts of estuarine regions.
6. The Indian Vulture:
These used to have huge wings and were found in the peninsula region. However, over the last few decades due their numbers has fallen in Pakistan and this country by a sharp 98% decline rate.
7. The Dhole:
These are also known as the Asiatic wild dogs. They used to have large packs and were social creatures. These are now only found in the Bengal forests, the Gujarat, Kashmir, Madhyapradesh and in the Nilgiri Reserves.
8. Nilgiri Langur:
These are found in the hilly areas of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. There are some other species of similar langurs that are also categorized with these. These are now popularly found in the Western Ghats, and in Kodagu in Karnataka and Palani Hills of Tamil Nadu.
9. Indian Dolphin:
These are also known as the Ganges Dolphins and belong to the Cetacea family which is also the family to which whales belong. These were mainly killed due to loss of their natural habitat.
10. The India Rive shark:
These are popular known as the Ganges Shark. These are now found in very few numbers in the Ganges and the Brahmaputra River. Careful research has revealed that these were habituated to living in turbid water and also could be found in the estuarine regions. These are also known to feed and live on fishes. These can also be found at the Bay of Bengal and also in state of Odisha. They use their sense of hearing and smell even though these sharks have small eyes, but with these other senses they use these for their predatory purposes.
See More: Wildlife Sanctuaries In India
These are a form of crocodiles. It is believed that it is mainly due to decrease in their natural habitat due to pollution activities of factories which lead to destroying the water and the adjoined areas which used to be their habitat were responsible for the large number of Gharial deaths in the Chambal river.
12. Red Panda:
These are also known as the Red Fox and are found in Sikkim, Assam and West Bengal’s Khangchendzonga and Namdapha Reserves.
See More: Best National Park In India
13. Indian Rhinoceros:
There are about 3000 of these Indian Rhinoceroses that are left in this subcontinent. These were greatly killed for their single black horn and are now found only in the Manas and Kaziranga national forest.
14. Kala Hiran:
Kala Hiran or Black Buck are now only found in the Guindy National park of Tamil Nadu, some parts of Chilka Lake or Odhisa, Haryana and Gujarat. Punjab now lists this as their national animal to save this species from extinction.
See More: List Of Bird Sanctuaries In India
15. The Great Bustard:
These are one of most well known amongst the endangered species in the Indian Subcontinent. These are the heaviest of birds. These are now found in some parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat.