India used to be the habitat for several species of wildlife. Amongst the most well-known of them were the Asiatic Lion, The Royal Bengal Tigers, The Asiatic Cheetah, and several other birds. However, owing to human activities and increased poaching and killing of animals by the poachers for their horns, or their skin or even their teeth or hooves, has to lead to lowering their numbers. Sometimes many species move out of their natural habitat for the need of food and also due to gradual contamination of the lands with the pollution that they are habituated to live in. It can also happen when there are floods or there are other natural calamities or the slow increase of the saltiness of the water.
There can be several factors which are natural and often affect a kind of a species largely. Nowadays there are several factories and housing that has increased. The factories are mainly polluting the river waters which have lead to killing various types of aquatic fishes or other animals. These have also destroyed the natural riverside habitats for several varieties of frogs and other reptiles.
10 Most Popular Endangered Animals Pictures:
Below are the lists of the top 15 animals that are listed as endangered species in the Indian subcontinent.
1. The Royal Bengal Tiger:
The royal Bengal tigers which are popularly found in the state of Bengal at the saltwater reserve are amongst the most well-known of the endangered species. There are only a few hundred of these remaining. Due to excessive population in the saltwater estuary regions and increased poaching activities and also due to the increase in the level of waters has lead for the tigers to leave the jungle areas and often getting into villages nearby and hence getting killed or getting into hands of animal traders. Many of these are getting killed for their teeth or skin. Even though the government has increased the laws relating to regulations of these poaching activities, even then these only have improved their conditions slightly because their numbers are still decreasing.
2. The Great Asiatic Lion:
These are only left in very few numbers and are also one of the most well-known creatures in the endangered list that were once found in packs in this continent. These are now found only in the Gir National Park. Increased population and housing in these regions were mostly responsible for their decrease.
3. The Snow Leopard:
Once, the Himalayan forests used to have a large number of these felide members of the big cat family. However, due to the melting of ice of the Himalayas and also increased housing and construction in the region leading to the cutting down of forests. Only a few hundred are left around the Himalayan forests.
4. The Purple Frog:
This is also known as the pig nose frog and is a very distinct type of frogs that were once found in abundance in the Western Ghats. These are now found very rarely and their number is small.
5. The Dhole:
These are also known as the Asiatic wild dogs. They used to have large packs and were social creatures. These are now only found in the Bengal forests, Gujarat, Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, and in the Nilgiri Reserves.
6. Nilgiri Langur:
These are found in the hilly areas of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. There are some other species of similar langurs that are also categorized with these. These are now popularly found in the Western Ghats, and in Kodagu in Karnataka and Palani Hills of Tamil Nadu.
7. Red Panda:
These are also known as the Red Fox and are found in Sikkim, Assam and West Bengal’s Khangchendzonga and Namdapha Reserves.
8. Indian Rhinoceros:
There are about 3000 of these Indian Rhinoceroses that are left in this subcontinent. These were greatly killed for their single black horn and are now found only in the Manas and Kaziranga national forest.
9. Kala Hiran:
Kala Hiran or Black Buck are now only found in the Guindy National park of Tamil Nadu, some parts of Chilka Lake or Odhisa, Haryana and Gujarat. Punjab now lists this as their national animal to save this species from extinction.
These are a form of crocodiles. It is believed that it is mainly due to a decrease in their natural habitat due to pollution activities of factories which lead to destroying the water and the adjoined areas which used to be their habitat were responsible for a large number of Gharial deaths in the Chambal river.