Top 9 Interesting Himalayas Facts

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Located in the heart of South Asia is the greatest ever mountain range – the Himalayas. Literally meaning “Abode of Snow” the Himalayas is the pride and joy of the Tibetan, Indian and Nepalese people. Standing tall at more than 7200 metres and spread out in an impressive arc at 2400 kilometres in length, the Himalayas runs west to east separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. From among the hundred mountains that form the Himalayan range rises up the world’s highest mountain peak and the greatest attraction of all – Mount Everest. For endless years the beauty of the Himalayas has lured visitors near and far to delight in Nature’s exquisite creation. For every climber and trekker it is a dream to explore the magnificent mountain chain and reach its zenith. For many Hindus and Buddhists the Himalayas is sacred to their religion. As intriguing as the snowy peaks are some interesting facts behind the great and powerful Himalayas.

Beautiful and Interesting Himalayas Facts In India:

Young and the Restless:

himalayas facts

Estimated to be 70 million years old, the Himalayas is one of the youngest mountain ranges spanning across the countries of Nepal, Tibet, India, China and Pakistan. Developed from a continental collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, geological tests over the years have confirmed constant movement of this gigantic mountain range at approximately 20mm every year. Owing to this continuous motion, the entire Himalayan region is susceptible to earthquakes, landslides and tremors.

Abode of Snow:

Himalayas Facts-Abode of Snow

The snow capped mountains constitute the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world with the higher regions being snowbound throughout the year. There are about 15,000 glaciers measuring up to 70 kilometres in length located around the mountain range that are a reservoir of fresh water.

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Diverse Ecology:

Himalayas Facts-Diverse Ecology

While the base of the mountains enjoy a tropical climate, the highest ranges are permanently capped with ice and snow. The diversity in altitude coupled with rainfall and soil conditions allow for distinct plant and animal species to thrive. The vegetation also differs ranging from tropical deciduous forests at the foothills to alpine forests higher up.

Himalayan Rivers:

My beautiful picture

The rivers that flow from the Himalayas are said to be older than the Himalayan peaks. The Indus, Yangtze and Gange-Brahmaputra rivers have indeed originated from the Himalayas to form the three major rivers in the Asian continent.

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Mount Everest:

Himalayas Facts-Mount Everest

The highest peak in the world soaring at 29,029 feet was climbed by New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay on 29th May 1953, the first to ever accomplish this feat. On reaching the top of Mount Everest, Tenzing, pictured below, buried his daughter’s red and blue pencils. As appealing as it is, Mount Everest has also proved deathly claiming the lives of approximately 150 people on their unsuccessful quest.

Wildlife of the Himalayas:

Himalayas Facts-Wildlife of the Himalayas

The Himalayas are a natural habitat for many animals most notably the Tibetan blue bear who at 6 to 7 feet long is the world’s largest and rarest of its kind. They are usually brown or black with a shade of blue. The Himalayas is also home to the snow leopard that resides high up in the mountains during the warmer months. The foothills of the Himalayas are alive with different types of deer, wild goats and sheep of which the Great Tibetan sheep is one of the largest wild breeds in the world that reaches a length of 4 to 41/2 feet.

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Naming Mount Everest:

Himalayas Facts-Naming Mount Everest

Although the Nepalese had a local name for the Himalayas calling it ‘Samgarmatha’ meaning Goddess of the Universe’ or ‘Forehead of the Sky’ and the Tibetans their own – ‘Chomolungma’, Mount Everest was named by Sir Andrew Waugh in honour of his predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest, a Welsh Surveyor General of India during the early-to-mid-nineteenth century.

Sovereign in Nepal:

Himalayas Facts-Sovereign in Nepal

The Himalayas rule sovereign in Nepal covering three fourth of the country alone. From the 15 highest peaks in the world, Nepal itself contains 9 of them exceeding 6,000 metres in height.

The Great Himalayas:

Himalayas Facts-The Great Himalaya

The highest zone in the Himalayas referred to as the Great Himalayas is one of the most unapproachable areas in the world due to its immense line of snow peaks and staggering height that exceeds 20,000 feet.

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