There are various forest areas which have been made into wild life parks by the Government of India so that natural habitats can be preserved. Many of these are found along the Chilka Lake of Odhisa or the Western Ghats. Many are also on the foothills of the Himalayas. Due to the increase in the deforestations and several factories disposing their wastes in the waters, it made the pollution in the water increase. This has lead to the decrease in the number of aquatic and amphibian animals. Several types of reptilian and avian varieties has also gradually decreased. Therefore many of these have been extinct which were found in abundance and some of the species are now endangered.
List of The Popular National Parks In India:
Below are the top 15 National parks in India that are popular.
1. Betla National Park:
This is in the state of Bihar. This is where a person can find wild boars, hyenas, deer and elephants. There are fresh lakes at the adjoining areas. However this area has Naxalites and therefore a person should be careful. There are also sambhars that can be found here and tigers.
2. Panna National Reserve:
This is popular for its natural tropical climate which is the natural habitat of many endangered species. This is in Madhya Pradesh. There are also a large number of hyenas and Royal Bengal Tigers here. A person can also see the leopards and dhole here. Here elephants can also be seen.
3. Kanha National Park:
This is a popular place for barasingha and also the swamp deer. There are also quite a few fresh water lakes here which are popular.
4. Madhav National Park:
This is in Madhya Pradesh and is popular for its Crocodiles. There is lush greenery and also a lake called Sakhya Sagar.
5. Kaziranga National Park:
This is in the Golaghat of the State of Assam and is a very popular place for the animals in their natural habitat. There are also a large number of avian varieties that can be seen here. Colourful frogs are also common. This is the natural habitat for the horned rhinoceros and the lakes and adjoining areas are where a person can see the swamp deer.
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6. Periyar Wildlife Park:
This is popular for the lake known as Periyar. A person can see a variety of animals here. The popular are the reptiles like the Krait, birds like Woodpecker, and also Gaurs that can be found here. Some tigers are also seen here and the place has lush greenery and the scenery of the lake.
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7. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary:
This is situated on the area of Karamana River in the catchment basin of Thiruvananthapuram. The Lion tailed macaque, The Golden Langur and elephants are popularly found here. There are also several types of flying species and amphibians that can be found near the lake areas.
8. Bandipur Wild Life Sanctuary:
This is a lush greenery area which is a few kilometres from town of Mysore. This is popular for the variety of amphibians and also avian species that can be found here. Several varieties of parakeets and macaws are quite common here. A person can also find sparrows and quails.
9. Bandhavgarh National Reserve:
This is a very popular place for lakes and several swamp deer. This is also where a variety of macaws and parakeets are seen. There are also quite a few amphibian and reptilian species which are found here.
10. Gir National Park:
This is a popular place where a person can find wide varieties of animals and bird here like the Asiatic Lions. This is in Gujarat and is very popular along with its lush greenery and fresh lakes where several birds can be seen.
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11. Manas National Park:
This is a very popular tiger reserve. This is in the Nepal Border and is quite popular for its various types of avian and reptilian species other than pumas and cheetahs. There are also lush greenery and adjoining fresh water lakes where colourful amphibian species can be found. A person can also see the Golden Langur here.
12. Balpakram National Park:
This is a place where the red fox and the other panda varieties can be found in their natural habitats. The lush green forests and the lakes are also where a variety of avian species can be seen. A popular herb called ‘Dikges’ is grown here popularly. This is a very popular attraction in Meghalaya.
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13. Keoladeo Bird Reserve:
This is a very popular place in Rajasthan. There are several varieties of the endangered species of the bird family that can be seen here. There are also the famous flamingos and the Quails that can be seen here. Several varieties of the Himalayan birds can also be found here. There are other places like the Thar Desert and a variety of reptiles like kraits and other amphibians are commonly found. There are also other attractions of the lush greenery and several kinds of amphibians and reptiles that can be found in the adjoining areas of fresh water streams and other lakes.
14. Nokrek Wild Life Reserve:
This is situated in the Hills of the Garo in Meghalaya. This is also a biodiversity spot for a variety of the endangered species of animals and birds like the Red Panda and the herds of the elephants. A person can also see a variety of rare orchids here and also the species of citrus indica. Several types of amphibians and reptiles can also be seen here. There are varieties of trees and plants that can also be seen and bird species.
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15. Similipal National Park:
This is a forest area which is the natural habitat for a variety of animals and avian species like the bison, the gaurs, elephants, tigers and even the deer. A person can also see the peacocks here. This is a very popular place in Odhisa and there is also the Chilka Lake in the adjoining areas along with fresh water lakes and other natural greenery.