Layering down a luxury carpet is enough to make every area more aesthetic and comfortable whenever you want to change the entire look and feel of your home. There are different types of carpets on the basis of styles, colours, patterns, textures, weave types, and materials. Different types of carpets have different fibres, but nylon, polyester, olefin, acrylic, and wool are the most common. When picking out a new carpet for your home, you’ll probably think about a number of things.
We’ve put together a list of the most important things to think about when buying a carpet for your home.
- Carpet padding is important because it gives the carpet support and extra cushioning.
- The type of natural or synthetic fibres used to make the carpet and the height of the pile are two of the most important things to think about when choosing a carpet.
- Carpet prices vary greatly depending on style and material. Look for a high-quality carpet variety that fits your home and your budget.
- Stain resistance is an important factor to consider when choosing from the wide variety of carpets available on the market.
Types of Carpets According To Backing:
The backing of a carpet is the underside that secures the tufts and adds strength and dimensional stability to the carpet. Most types of carpet have two backings: the primary and the secondary backing. Carpet backings are generally available in the following types:
- Jute: Jute is a natural fibre that is preferred for the backing because it is soft, long-lasting, and natural.
- Polyurethane: Polyurethane has grown in popularity as a carpet backing material because it repels moisture and is highly durable and cost-effective.
- Soft plastic backing: This type of backing is made of a plastic weave and is soft and gentle, extending the life of your floors.
Types Of Carpets According To Density Or Height:
“Pile” is a common term that we come across when talking about the different types of carpets. Carpet pile refers to the visible tufts of yarn on the surface of a carpet and is classified into three types:
- Low pile carpet: under ¼ inch. These are made up of short fibres and are best suited for crowded areas of the home.
- Medium pile carpet: height ranges from ¼ inch to ½ inch. These are made of longer fibres, making them softer to the touch. It is easy to clean.
- High-pile carpet: ½ inch to ¾ inch. These are plush and fluffy to the touch and can give your home a luxurious look.
Carpet Varieties: 18 Different Types of Carpets for Indian Homes:
With so many different types of carpets available, making a choice can be difficult. Consider the following types of carpet fibres and pile options:
By far, nylon has been one of the most popular types of carpet fibres due to its high durability, soft fibres, and stain- and abrasion-resistant properties.
- It is resistant to wear, mould, mildew, and rot.
- It dyes easily and retains its colour well.
- It has strong fibres that easily retain their shape.
- Nylon’s low cost is a significant advantage.
Wool is the softest type of carpet fibre available and is a natural, luxurious, and long-lasting material. Wool-acrylic blends are particularly popular in areas with high humidity and moisture. Wool carpets are still a popular choice in homes and in the hospitality business.
- Good quality
- High durability
- Pure wool carpet varieties contain no chemicals or additives, making them an excellent choice for those who have chemical allergies or sensitivities.
3. Polypropylene (Olefin):
Polypropylene, also known as olefin, is a synthetic carpet fibre made from melted plastic materials. Due to the similarity of polypropylene filaments to wool fibres, this carpet material is used as a natural wool substitute. Polypropylene fibre carpets can be used as both indoor and outdoor area carpets. It is frequently used in areas where there is a high risk of water damage.
- Mold and moisture resistance properties
Acrylic is sometimes referred to as “synthetic wool” or “man-made wool” because it has the feel and appearance of wool. thes wool carpet varieties are mass-produced and are more of a budget-tier carpet for those who want the look of wool but at a lower cost. It is made of man-made materials, but it doesn’t cause allergies. This makes it a great choice for people who don’t want to bring allergens into their homes.
- Cost effective.
- Resistant to static electricity
- Moisture- resistant.
- Resistant to mildew, fading, and staining.
Polyester carpet fibres are a more affordable alternative to natural rug material. It resemble wool and are primarily used in the production of shaggy carpets. Polyester is popular for its velvety softness, which not only feels luxurious but is highly comfortable beneath the feet.
- Retains the rug’s vibrant colours and pattern for an extended period of time
Triexta is a synthetic polymer derived primarily from corn sugar that is used in the production of luxurious high-end cut pile carpets. It has a lifetime stain resistance built into the fibre’s core, which is easily removed with water and provides guaranteed protection from household spills.
- Highly stain-resistant
- Retains the volume
7. Cut Pile:
Cut pile is a type of carpet in which the exposed fibres are sheared off. These are soft, inviting, and easy-to-clean carpets. By changing the angle of the shear that cuts through the loop, different styles of carpet can be made. There are a lot of different lengths and thicknesses of cut-pile carpets.. Nylon, polyester, or wool are the most commonly used materials, with nylon cut piles being the most popular.
- Blend well with the room.
- Available in a wide variety of colours and patterns
8. Plush Pile:
This style, also known as a velvet-cut pile, is a cut pile variation in which the fibres are very densely packed, resulting in a rich and luxurious carpet surface. The plush carpet pile is cut to a consistent height, resulting in a sleek, smooth finish. Spills can be easily spotted and cleaned because protective coatings delay the time it takes liquids to penetrate the carpet fibres.
- Resistant to dust and spills
- Excellent comfort
- Affordable price
9. Saxony Cut:
The most common type of cut-pile carpet is Saxony, which has fibres that are twisted and cut into even lengths that stand straight up. The carpet is sheared to create an even surface and has broadloom woven loops. High-quality Saxony is 100% nylon with a pile that is frequently half an inch or less. These are best suited for use in low-traffic areas
- Feels soft
- Looks elegant
10. Frieze-Cut Pile:
Frieze-cut pile is a type of carpet with cut fibers that are about half an inch to three-quarters of an inch long and twisted together. This makes the fibers curl in a random way across the surface of the carpet. Typically, seven or nine piles are twisted tightly together to create a fluffy appearance. Because the piles are long, they form a dense pile. They can’t stand upright because of the long piles.
- Very durable
- Hides dirt and wear
- Works well in high-traffic and commercial settings.
11. Textured Cut:
Textured-cut pile is a type of cut-pile carpet in which the yarns are cut to different lengths and laid at different angles, giving the surface of the carpet a little more depth. As a result, textured plush carpets can be thicker than plush pile carpets, have more surface texture, and resist footprints and tracks better. This carpet can be used in a lot of different places, but it works especially well in living rooms and bedrooms.
12. Loop Pile:
Loop pile carpets are left as loops rather than sheared like cut piles. They come in a variety of weights and thicknesses and are typically made of nylon, wool, or olefin. They are also known as “uncut piles”. The most popular loop pile carpet styles are sisal, which comes in a variety of beautiful patterns and textures.
- Highly durable.
- Easy to clean
- Can withstand heavy foot traffic, which makes them an excellent choice for hallways and stairs.
- Hide footprints and vacuum marks.
13. Berber Loop Pile:
Berber style carpets, also known as Berber loop carpets, are a type of loop pile carpet that Berber is made of thick, bulky yarn. It is the most common type of carpet found in commercial office buildings. It is typically made of olefin, but it is also available in wool, polyester, and nylon.
- Extremely durable because the fibres are uncut and tightly woven, preventing fraying.
- Simple to care for because liquid spills tend to float on top of the pile rather than sink into it
14. Level Loop Pile:
Level loop carpet is manufactured with all loops the same size for a flat and smooth surface. It is ideal for rooms that need style and texture. Level loop carpet, made from tufted loops, is dense and suitable for high-traffic areas like stairs, hallways, and media rooms. They are not as comfortable to sit on, but they last much longer because the yarn ends are not left open to fray.
- Highly durable.
- It is easier to vacuum.
- Comes in a wide range of solid colours, as well as multicoloured and tweedy patterns.
15. Cut-Loop Pile:
A cut-and-loop carpet combines high, sheared tufts with lower-cut loop fibres in its construction. While multicoloured fibres are one option, single-colour patterns are also very fashionable. Low-traffic areas are ideal for this pattern because of their reliance on the size of the gap between the cut and loop segments. Cut-and-loop carpets need to be vacuumed often, so it’s better to choose a darker carpet with a textured surface that will help hide dirt.
- Work well with modern furnishings.
- Ideal for bedrooms.
- Available in multiple colours
16. Sculpted Pile:
With a combination of looped and cut-pile fibres, the surface of a sculptured carpet has varying heights and textures. Sometimes the various fibre cuts are arranged in geometric patterns that give the impression of depth and complexity. Sculptured carpets can feature a variety of different patterns, including a regular grid, latticework, geometric shapes, or even something more chaotic, like a twisted rope pattern.
- Ideals for bedrooms and offices
- Available in a wide variety of geometric patterns
17. Shag Pile:
Shag pile, also known as cable carpet, is a type of high-pile carpet made up of long, bulky strands rather than the standard strands found in other cut-pile carpets. Because the longer fibre length is prone to matting and crushing, cable carpet performs best in low-traffic areas. The most popular fibre options are nylon, polyester, and wool, all of which have a soft, shag-like texture.
- Adds a luxurious style to the room.
- Feels soft underfoot.
18. Multi-Level Loop Pile:
A multi-level loop carpet, also known as a high-low loop pile, is created by alternating rows of cut and loop pile. The loop piles are all different heights, giving the carpet an interesting visual texture. The distinct visual effect created by the multi-level loops makes it simple to combine spaces.
- Easy stain removal.
- Can stand up to more foot traffic than low-pile carpet.
In order to make a house feel like a home, carpets are a must-have. There are a lot of factors to consider when choosing a carpet for your home, including the fibre type, texture, colour, and carpet padding that is required. In recent years, carpet manufacturers have introduced a plethora of new designs, colours, and materials to satisfy homeowners’ demands for stylishness, affordability, and convenience. We sincerely hope you were able to find all the answers you were seeking and acquire the knowledge you required to feel confident in your pursuit of a new carpet for your home.