Paint is a common element of renovation projects or new places since painting enhances the look of any building. However, beyond improving appearance, there are different uses for paints. Therefore, before you select the best product for each application, it is essential to know the different types of Paint and the performance features of each kind of Paint.
In this article, we have curated a list of different types of paints and where and how you can use them. Read on to know more!
What is Paint & Its history:
Paint is any pigmented liquid that converts to a solid film once applied to a substrate in a thin layer. It provides texture, color and protects the surface of the objects commonly.
One of the earliest arts of humanity is painting. As long as 40,000 years ago, cave excavations revealed the use of red or yellow ochre, hematite, manganese oxide, and charcoal made by early Homo sapiens. For example, according to a report by South African archaeologists in 2003 and 2004, a 100,000-year-old human-made ochre-based mixture similar to Paint in Blombos cave.
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Classifications of Paints:
Here are some of the classifications of paints based on several factors:
Based on Physical type and function:
1. Waterborne paints: The paint solvent used in these types of colors is water. Waterborne paints have a long-drying time due to the slow evaporation rate of water. They are non-toxic and non-combustible, which are further classified into
- Waterborne paints are based on polymer dispersions (Emulsion paints).
- Waterborne paints based on water-soluble binders.
2. Solvent-borne paints: The dispersed 80% of solid constituents such as binders, pigments, and additives in the organic solvent form solvent-borne paints. Solvent-borne paints contain a wide range of binders, and they dry fast. The combustibility and toxicity are the main disadvantages of solvent-borne paints.
3. Latex-based Paint: The classification of water-based coating emulsions produced with synthetic acrylic binders, coined Latex-based Paint.
4. Radiation curable coatings: These are cured under ultra-violet radiation and are formed with a mixture of prepolymers, monomers, and additives. The high cost is the only disadvantage.
5. Powder coatings: Powdered coatings are powdered resins attracted to the substrate surface by electrostatic force. They produce little to no toxic waste because there is no involvement of any solvent.
6. Varnish: Varnish is a transparent or semi-transparent protective coating made of additives, solvent, and binder.
7. Primer: Primer enhances the adhesion of the final Paint that seals the substrate surface and is the first coating applied to any surface. The substrate is provided with additional protection with its unique formulation.
8. Enamel: It gives your product a glossy finish with the help of its hard protective coating.
Different Types of Paints with Images:
We have provided you with a list of different Paint types with the advantages associated with them.
1. Oil Paint:
Oil Paint uses white leas as the base and is applied in three coats: primer, undercoat, and finish coat. The Oil Paints are an affordable and durable way to achieve mat and glossy finishes. Ease of application and easy to clean painted surfaces are some of the notable characteristics of this Paint. Oil paint is commonly used in metal structures, windows, doors, and walls.
Since oil paint takes time to dry completely, it is not suitable for humid conditions. Therefore, before applying oil paints, it is necessary to add linseed oil and pigments.
2. Enamel Paint:
Adding zinc to varnish produces a paint called Enamel Paint. You can achieve a wide variety of colors by adding pigments. Enamel paints form glossy and hard coatings, which makes them easy to clean. Color retention, good coverage, waterproofness, and resistance to chemicals are some of the characteristic features of Enamel Paint.
Interior and exterior walls, wood trims, doors, flooring, windows, stairs, surfaces like concrete, plaster, glass, metals, masonry, and wicker are common uses of Enamel paint, and it is a type of gloss paint. Slow drying and requiring a titanium coating before application are the main limitations of enamel Paint.
3. Emulsion Paint:
Emulsion paints can be water or oil-based, and you can achieve your desired color by adding pigments. The Emulsion paints contain driers like cobalt and manganese and use polyvinyl acetate and polystyrene as binding materials. Some of the characteristic features of Emulsion Paints are fast drying and hardening surfaces which water can quickly cleanse. As a result, Emulsion Paint is a perfect interior Paint type and works for mansory work and ceilings.
Woodwork can also be the base for some specialized types of Emulsion paints. Vinyl soft sheen, vinyl silk, and vinyl matte are some of the types of emulsion types available in the market. Emulsion Paint is the best type of wall paint for your interiors.
4. Cement Paint:
Cement paint is a perfect option if you are looking for Paint that can be applied to both interiors or exteriors, whether on brick walls or concrete. You can achieve paint consistency by mixing water because Cement paint comes in powder form. There are accelerators, other additives, and pigments, but the base material is white or colores cement.
Cement paint is exterior and interior paint that works best on rough surfaces as it is durable and waterproof. It typically takes 24 hours for the cement paint to dry. You must apply cement paint in two coats to prevent dampness issues.
5. Bituminous Paint:
Concrete foundations, wooden surfaces, underwater ironworks, and iron pipes commonly use Bituminous Paint. It also helps provide rust resistance.
6. Aluminum Paint:
The combination of aluminum particles with oil varnish produces Aluminum Paint. It is resistant to weather exposure, electricity, and corrosion. You can also use aluminum Paint as a type of spray paint. It can withstand temperatures up to 302 degrees F. It provides a protective metallic finish for pipework, roofs, and storage tanks.
7. Anticorrosive Paint:
The composition of corrosion-resistant pigments such as zinc chromate, lead chromate, zinc oxide, zinc dust, zinc chromate, or red lead is Anticorrosive Paint. Anticorrosive Paint is affordable, durable, has a black color, and uses linseed oil as a binder: anticorrosive Paint help protects pipes and metallic surfaces.
8. Synthetic Rubber Paint:
As the name suggests, synthetic rubber is the main ingredient in the preparation of Synthetic rubber paint. When compared to latex paints, synthetic rubber paint provides a thick protective coating. The primary use of synthetic rubber paint is in Paper coatings, inks, adhesives, varnishes, and paints. This Paint is resistant to moisture and chemicals, is fast-drying, and comes at a moderate cost. Generally, concrete surfaces use synthetic rubber paint.
9. Cellulose Paint:
Cellulose Paint is a perfect choice to provide a bright air drying appearance and high hiding topcoat paint. In addition, these paints are durable and dry quickly through solvent evaporation, making them preferable types of car paint and planes.
The production of Cellulose Paint involves celluloid sheets, photographic films, and amyl acetate. You can clean and wash the surfaces once the Paint becomes dry. In addition, you can improve the adhesion of this Paint by adding castor oil.
Resistance to water, smoke, and acids, smooth finish, and hardness, quick drying are the characteristics of Cellulose Paint, while the high price is the only disadvantage.
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10. Plastic Paint:
Plastic Paint is one of the best types of oil-based Paint that comes in a wide range of colours. It has a plasticky look and feels and uses water as a thinner. Showrooms, slabs, decks, and auditorium ceilings commonly use these paints since they give you a soft sheen and glossy finish. In addition, plastic Paint offers high coverage, and it dries very quickly.
11. Silicate Paint:
The mixture of silica and resinous substance for Silicate Paints; is non-flammable and has a high zinc content. Silicate Paints help impart a robust and long-lasting bond with the substrate material with the help of silicate that acts as a mineral binding agent and is chemically unreactive with metals.
Heat resistance, good adhesion, and hardness are some of the performance benefits of Silicate Paints. Therefore metal structures are coated with these types of Paints.
12. Casein Paint:
Casein Paint is a type of Paint for painting with a glue-like consistency. You can use water to thin this Paint to a degree depending on the artist’s style and desired result. Casein Paint is reworkable, and many artists use it for underpainting. In addition, once it is dry, this Paint gives a matte finish.
The combination of white pigments and casein forms this Paint. You can add pigments to it, and it is available in powder and paste form. Some of the places where you can use Casein Paint are Wood, ceilings, and walls.
13. Graphite Paints:
Graphite is a charcoal black paint color that makes a fantastic backdrop in any room when used on walls. Lampblack is a traditional pigment that inspired the soft black color of this Paint, from neoclassical to modern, graphite Paintworks for many interiors.
In addition, you can coat metallic structures to help inhibit corrosion because this Paint contains powdered graphite and oil.
14. Bronze Paints:
If you are looking for metallic Paint for your interiors or the décor of your house, Bronze paints can be an excellent option. It provides your metal protection against corrosion and works as a finish for different surfaces such as veneer, ceramic, metal, wood, and decorative surfaces.
Bronze paints have a thermal resistance of up to +250C and work well for exterior and interior works. Nitrocellulose lacquer and copper powder are the prominent ingredients in this Paint. People use Bronze paint to paint their Radiators due to their highly reflective nature.
15. Acrylic Paint:
Acrylic Paint is a pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion, silicone oils, and fast-drying Paint. Though all acrylic paints are water-based, most of them become water-resistant when dry. As a result, acrylic enamel paint is one of the best types of car paint. It is inexpensive, easy to apply, and accessible even for those with little to no experience painting a car. In addition, acrylic enamel paints form a hard shell when they dry as therefore last longer and give your car a glossy finish.
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There are many types of paints, and each Paint’s application varies greatly, too. Pest protection, surface durability, visual appeal, and chemical protection are some reasons to use Paint in construction. While improving performance, picking the right Paint will reduce project costs designed for specific applications. So, go through this article before you choose a paint that improves aesthetic improvement. Don’t forget to let us know if you found this article helpful!
1. What are the functions of Paint?
Ans: The following are the functions provided by using Paint:
- Protects surfaces from environmental factors, rain, and insects.
- It makes maintenance simpler.
- Paint increases the appeal of a surface visually.
- It increases the durability of the surface.
- It provides waterproofing.
2. What are the physical properties of Paint?
Ans: Here is the list of some of the physical properties you need to look for in a Paint before buying:
- It shouldn’t be harmful to users.
- Weather shouldn’t affect its performance.
- The application should be easy.
- The drying period should be reasonable.
- It should form a durable and hard coating.
- The painting shouldn’t crack.
3. How long does paint last?
Ans: Alkyd and oil-based paints can last up to 15 years, whereas unopened latex and water-based acrylic paints can last up to ten years. This is because you will maintain the ratio of liquid and semi-solids in unopened Paint, making it acceptable to use for a long time. But when the can is opened and exposed to air, the balance begins to change.
4. How should we store Paint to last long?
Ans: Store the Paint in a dry and cool area. Make sure to keep the Paint away from extreme hot and cold temperatures. Make sure the paint doesn’t freeze and keep it away from furnaces and other heat-generating appliances.
5. Is it ok to combine new and old paints?
Ans: You can create a custom color by mixing leftover paints. But when you want to combine old and new paints, make sure both are the same type. For example, you will end up with a lumpy unstable mess if you mix colors that aren’t compatible such as oil and water-based paints.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is based on pure research and not professional opinion. The website is not responsible for the authenticity and accuracy of the information provided in this article.