8 Basic Patanjali Yoga Sutras for Beginners

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Patanjali, the author of Yoga Sutra has shown us a very beautiful study to the approach of yoga. His teachings have benefited the society in many ways and the purpose of this book which was to provide happiness, joy and fulfilment in one’s life has been justified very well. It consists of breathing exercises, Pranayamas, meditation, self actualization, concentration and withdrawal of the energy from one’s senses.

Yoga Sutra doesn’t say that we are bad or good human beings but helps us understand that we can’t get better results based on our behavior. It has eight basic principles which are very valuable and meaningful. Each of them have been described very well and have different aspects too. However, yoga sutra requires a lot of practice. It is impossible to learn everything in one day. So it’s best to be patient. The following paragraphs will give you the basic idea.

Patanjali Yoga Sutras for Beginners

Here we are the list of 8 Patanjali yoga sutras in India.

1. Yama:

The word Yama means self control or discipline. It is the first limb of yoga sutra and it describes social behaviour in which one will find the existence of basic moral principles such as truth, non stealing, non lust, non violence, non possessiveness etc. It is about embracing happiness, joy, mirth and laughter.

2. Niyama:

The second valuable limb of yoga is known as Niyama. This means to train or discipline oneself. It includes contentment, austerity, purity, to study the scriptures and to understand it and to aware of God and his divine mercies. It is also about physical cleanliness and surrendering to God.

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3. Asana:

Asana is the third limb of yoga. This is about practicing the different physical yoga postures. They are full of spiritual and health benefits. They clean the body and mind and also rejuvenate one’s senses. It  makes you feel good and also helps you focus better in what you do. To increase your concentration, nothing can do better than asanas.

4. Pranayama:

Pranayama is referred to as the controlling of breath. It is very important to know how to breath and the ways in which we can control it. The word prana basically means energy and it is present everywhere. It flows through nature and mankind and is very important for man’s physical and psychological development.

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5. Pratyahara:

Pratyahara means to have control over the human senses. This is possible when one practices yoga daily, when he meditates, breathes and maintains his postures. It helps them to control their emotions and to understand them. Pratyahara is the fifth and one of the most important keys of Yoga Sutra.

6. Dharana:

Dharana basically means to free oneself from distraction and to focus on one particular point. This is best for increasing your concentration level. It helps you focus better. It makes you a better learner and performer. It also helps you notice things better and observe.

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7. Dhyana:

Dhyana is the seventh limb of Yoga Sutra and speaks of meditation. This meditation makes you aware of the world around you and helps you attain a stable and quiet state of mind. The Dhyana system of yoga was described by Lord Krishna as well. This practice helps in separating maya from reality and helps one attain the goal of moksha.

8. Samadhi:

Samadhi has also been described as the state of bliss. Here, ego does not exist and the nature of the individual which is pure and innocent emerges. It is truly beautiful, however requires a lot of focus to attain. It completely absorbs the individual’s consciousness even as the person remains conscious. This practice is relevant in Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.

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