Beautiful patterns of different sizes and shapes, created using coloured rice, sand, and flowers that bring joy not only to the ones who create it but also to those who behold it. Rangoli originated in the Indian subcontinent, believed to have started centuries ago. There is mention of rangoli in our scriptures too. Endless designs are made in the images of animals, birds, deities, conch, sun, moon, swasthika symbol, etc.
Different states call Rangoli by different names, in Tamil Nadu it is called as Kolam, in Karnataka it’s known as muggitu, in Andhra it’s known as muggulu, in Rajasthan it is known as a mandana, Chowkpurana in Chhattisgarh, Aripana in Bihar, Alpana in West Bengal, Chowkpujan in Uttar Pradesh and Golamkolam or kalam in Kerala and so on.
An interesting fact is that traditionally rangolis were made with rice flour to serve a dual purpose of not only adding beauty but to also be food for birds and tiny insects. No Indian festival or function is complete without the use of rangolis. To beginners, scores of awe-inspiring designs are available online, traditional motifs along with complicated, intricate designs too for the diligent participants of rangoli competitions. Rangoli competitions are held to showcase talent with innovative creativity. It is the expression of art with imagination and usage of bright colours.
In Indian tradition, rangoli plays a vital role as it is believed to bring good luck. The main purpose of rangoli is to feel generosity and strength, and the design depictions may vary as they reflect traditions and folklore unique to each area.