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15 Weeks of Pregnancy – Symptoms and Fetal Development

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Normally, a pregnancy can last for around 40 weeks. It is usually divided into three trimesters. The early symptoms include absence of your regular periods, changes in the breast and nausea. By the second trimester, food cravings and mood swings are common. For the final trimester, you will mostly be tired through the day without even trying.

In the 15th week of pregnancy your baby is already developing and now his major organs such as his kidneys have developed allowing him to now urinate whenever he/she needs. Other organs such as the heart and the brain are also developing now allowing your baby to make a whole lot of new facial expressions which they would otherwise find it difficult to do. A strong heart allows the baby to move more eagerly than before. At this point soft kicks on the inner wall of your stomach are normal; the kicks are not yet strong enough as the baby is no bigger than five inches. This is an important week for the baby’s legs. The legs start growing during this week and this is why the kicks start.

15 week pregnancy

At this point the immune system is well under way of development and allows the bay to now make its own decisions on whether it likes certain foods or no that the mother is consuming. Along with the immune system the baby has a strong and functioning brain now that is well connected to the baby’s nervous system. Your baby can now feel pain, hunger, fatigue and many other feelings.

The eyes are also developing at this point allowing your baby’s first glimpses of their future. Overall this is an extremely important week for the baby.

See More: 13 Week Pregnancy Care

There are a few symptoms that show you are entering the 15th week of pregnancy, some of these symptoms are very easy to handle though it occurs for a prolonged period of time, some of these symptoms are:-

Weight Gain:

During your pregnancy you will gain a significant amount of weight but in your 15th week you gain a more amount of significant weight but not to worry after this week your weight gain will subside. This is an important period of your baby’s growth and at this point of time your body has adjusted to being pregnant but the baby is still growing and due to this your body needs all the support possible to help your baby grow and this is why you gain weight. The fat in your body provides the necessary nutrients for the baby as the stomachs amino acids break down your fat to provide nutrition for the baby, therefore, the more the fat the healthier the baby. To overcome the extra weight you gain, indulging in quick and comfortable exercises will take you a long way. Aside that, you can also keep a maintained diet and maximize the time you sit instead of lie down.

Bowel Problems:

During this period you may suffer with unwanted bowel problems and may run to the toilet more than usual, this is only because the baby is now able to process its food consumption at a better rate than before. And the more it processes the more it excretes causing you not only t feel hungry but also makes you run to the toilet more often than normal. Taking constipation medicines like Metamucil should take care of your bowel troubles in no time. A regulated diet can help elevate the metabolism and improve the movements.

See More: 14 Weeks Pregnant

Low Energy Levels:

During this period your baby is more active in your stomach, moving around a lot and this will continue right through till the baby’s birth and due to this you will start feeling tired. This is because your child is attached to you and the more energy the baby uses the more energy you will use. You will find that you have started sleeping longer and when you wake up it will feel like you hardly slept. Keep an energy drink around and this will help you overcome your lack of enthusiasm. Do not forget to consult your doctor about what supplements are safe for your 15th pregnant week.

Gastrointestinal Issues:

Another problem during the 15th month is the gas issues. Your progesterone levels are sort of helping the gastrointestinal muscles relax, thus slowing down your digestive procedure. This in turn can lead to burping and flatulence. A good way to overcome the issue to keep your food habits monitored, so the intake of calories can be minimized with the nutrients kept intact. This will automatically make digestion easier without harming the baby.

Insomnia:

You will find yourself having trouble falling asleep. Studies show as high as 70% of the pregnant women to be insomniac by the 15th week. The main reason behind this can be the pressure on your bladder by your growing belly, forcing your urination to be more frequent and waking you up. A larger belly also means having trouble finding the right position to sleep in. This can be another reason. The best way to overcome this is take power naps as and when possible. This will give your body a better shot at resting. There are pregnancy pillows available on the stores now as well, so you can buy those to support your belly.

Heartburn:

Heartburn is quite common now, so try to keep a low profile with food that trigger discomfort like sodas, sour food and spicy ones. An issue that can make your condition worse is excess salivation. You might seem to find yourself spitting more than usual. Try to minimize the production of gastric acid by keeping your diet in check. That should work in your favor just fine.

Stuffy Nose:

Stuffy nose is a symptom you will find yourself falling prey to during pregnancy in the15th week. This is usually owing to the swelling of the nose membranes because of an increase in the hormone production. The best way to avoid feeling congested in the nasal canal is to avoid situations that lead to a bad cold. Another alternative is to keep a warm bag around at all times, and taking ginger tea every morning.

During the 15th week of pregnancy there are significant developments that show the growth and development of your child. Constant ultrasound checkups every week will give u a detailed account of the week by week development of your baby. During the 15th week some major developments are-

What to Think About This Week:

Now that your womb is beginning to show more tell tale signs of pregnancy, you will notice how neat your belly button looks.

Another change this week will be either activated milk glands that have already started the production, or will start soon. Keep breast pads around so you can fit in inside the bra when needed. Your body will also feel like loosening itself, putting a strain on your skin. You need to find ways to control the stretch marks, so put that in your thought list as well.

Fetal Development of the Baby:

Functioning Kidneys:

Your baby’s kidneys have now reached its functioning phase as with growth the organs also grow and develop. Due to the now developed kidneys your baby can pee allowing the unwanted bacteria to exit the body. The urine mixes with the fluid around the baby and is finally excreted by the mother. The kidneys are one of the important organs of the baby’s development and in the 15th week this particular development occurs.

See More: 18 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms

Lungs:

The lungs of the baby are now expanding allowing the baby to start in the process of breathing. Though the lungs are expanding the baby will not breathe till they are born. The lungs till this time will expand and remain dormant. The lungs are one of the important organs of development in your child’s body and this happen in the 15th week of development.

Stomach:

The stomach is another development that your child goes through. Due to this development your child can now process more and more food allowing their strength and growth to increase at a significant pace. The body starts accepting more types of food than before showing that the child is growing normally.

Immune System:

The immune system is the most important part of a person, therefore during the 15th week of pregnancy this particular development is extremely important. A healthy baby has a developing immune system during its 15th week of growth and now has enough white blood cells to fight off certain bacteria that would otherwise hamper its growth.

Hair:

An ultrasound will show that the baby has a level of hair on the head which was not there before. Though the hair is small it still is a significant development showing that your baby is now sprouting hair. The hair can be of any colour and normally depends on the parents hair colour. Hair colour is normally hereditary. Hair is the first tell tale sign of the complete development of your baby. A small layer of hair also grows on the entire body of the baby, though it is not visible the hair is there present on the baby’s skin.

Arms and Legs:

Your little one has his legs growing faster and longer now as compared to his arms. His joints are more flexible and can move now. You might have to wait longer for your next scan, which is usually scheduled around the 20th week mark.

15th Weeks Activity:

Your belly is still in its growth period and you need to find yourself new ways to adjust your walking position. You also need to focus on your sleeping position this week. Much like these two, working on your sitting style is another important thing to keep in mind since a good posture not only relieves pain, but also works on making your contractions smoother and less painful. The spine should be as straight as possible and when you get up, you should use something to maintain the balance and the center of gravity throughout your body. Talking of which, you will notice a shift in the center of gravity, so the right way to walk now is move your back a little backwards, doing which will keep the equilibrium intact.

15th Week Diet & Exercises:

1. Fruits and Vegetables:

Your diet this week needs all of the vitamins and fruits that there are. Your fair share of vegetables should also mark its presence in your food. The best suggestion here would be to try and gulp down five different types of fruits and veggies rich in all the nutrients you need through the week.

2. Raw Foodstuff:

Do not overeat thinking your child needs more to develop, since this can lead to bloating, which is in no way welcome in your situation. Try to eat raw vegetables instead. This keeps the nutrients preserved and hence makes the most of every foodstuff you consume. Your doctor might also suggest you with multivitamins if that’s your situation.

3. Iron:

Iron is an important nutrient for you since you need a lot of red blood cells to develop your little one. Food like spinach, lean meat, pulses and banana will be ideal for the same. Tannins on the other hand, found in tea and coffee is known to interfere with how the iron is absorbed by your body. Which is why, the right thing to make sure of is there is a decent gap between the tea or coffee and iron rich foods.

4. Calcium:

In case you don’t like meat or are a vegetarian, you need to make sure you have more calcium and iron, since these are the two main nutrients aside from proteins and vitamins needed for the development of your child. Leafy vegetables, dairy products, bread, raisins and nuts should be taken regularly as advised by your doctor.

5. Vitamin C:

Taking vitamin C can make it easier for your body to absorb the iron you take in. You can buy oranges and lemons among the citrus fruits to boost your levels. Taking Vitamin C supplements isn’t a wise idea given your condition.

Exercises:

The best exercises to work on during this time should be the ones that focus on your abs and pelvis for a better posture. A few exercises that you can take help from are,

1. Belly Breathing:

For this exercise, sit and cross your legs. Support your back and keep your hands on the belly. Inhale through your nose now and keep expanding your belly. Repeat for 5 rounds.

2. Squat:

The next best exercise would be to squat. To begin, hold some object like an exercise ball or a chair and stand away from it. Lower your body slowly and keep your weight mostly on your heels. Inhale and exhale while doing the same. Repeat 5 times. This exercise helps better your posture and gives more space to the pelvic region for expansion.

3. Walking:

Aside the above two exercises; you can also walk around every day for a bit. This not only keeps you more active, but also leaves you feeling less secluded than what it would have been otherwise if you spent the whole pregnancy lying in your room.

4. Inhale & Exhale:

Inhale through your nose and hold your breath. Exhale and while you do so, bring your abdominals back in, bringing your navel closer to your spine. This exercise helps a great deal in strengthening the muscles to help with your contractions later.

5. Stretching:

Stretching during pregnancy gives you the flexibility and strength in your legs. This exercise also releases muscle tension, thus bringing instant relief to your sore back and pelvis.

Sex during Pregnancy 15th Week:

You can most certainly engage in sexual activities when pregnant. However knowing that it is the 15th week and you are soon to enter the second trimester, handling things with caution would be the right way to go. Indeed, pregnancy is when you need your partner the most and sex can give you the connection better than ever. Do try to avoid risky positions and try slow strokes. This should be a good experience for both the partners and talking to your gynecologist about it will most certainly brighten things up.

Tips To Overcome Stress during Pregnancy:

  1. Try to focus on your baby and the rest you need for him to develop in your. Now is the best time for you to relax. Trust us, your baby will thank you later.
  2. Talk to your doctor about everything for that extra reassurance you need to overcome the stress in your head about something that needs more support and talking. Not only will that clear things up for you, but also make it easier for you to know where you are heading.
  3. You can use prenatal classes for a change to see how other moms to be are dealing with their stress in similar situations. It can be of great help.
  4. Do not leave your food. A lot of nuts and seeds help reduce depression owing to their compositions.
  5. Exercise well, since it might improve your mood. You can indulge in yoga and meditation as well, if your stress is severe.
  6. Prepare for the birth nice and steady to overcome last minute anxiety. Talk about the place of giving birth and the birth being caesarian or normal from beforehand with your partner.

Medical Treatment and Regular Check Up:

There are health issues and checkups to keep in mind, but since it’s the 15th week, it can be safely assumed you have those tricks readied up your sleeve. Blood tests should make things clear for you and occasional ultrasounds can also be expected during this time. Spinal fluids and HCG fluids will be checked for as well to determine any abnormalities in the fetus, which should now be clear. A few medicines to keep by your bedside are:

  • Aches and pains- Acetaminophen. Steer clear of Ibuprofen and Naproxen.
  • Allergy- Antihistamines and Ioratidine. Avoid Pseudophedrine and Decongestants like Phenylephrine.
  • Cough- Dextromethorphan and Guaifenesin.
  • Constipation- Metamucil and Colace. Avoid laxatives and mineral oil.
  • Heartburn- Antacids and Famotidine.

15th Weeks Care & Precautions:

  • Keep using sunscreen to keep your baby out of skin problems.
  • Use a lot of oral hygiene now to prevent bad bouts of infections on your gums, which can pass through food and harm your little one.
  • Shop for maternity clothes well ahead in time
  • Use a better care for your position when walking, sleeping or sitting since it can lead to bad aches otherwise.
  • Drink more water than usual to keep yourself hydrated, even if it means more urination.

Many people find it difficult during the 15th week of pregnancy due to the activities of the baby but bear with these minor problems as it will subside towards the ending of the pregnancy.

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